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Juan B. Justo

Juan Bautista Justo was an Argentine physician, journalist, politician, and writer. After finishing medical school he joined the Union Civica Radical, later participating in the foundation of the Socialist Party in 1896, of which he was chief director until his death. He married Alicia Moreau de Justo, with whom he had three children.

Justo studied medicine at the Universidad de Buenos Aires while working as a journalist to earn a living. He graduated with honors in 1888, after what he travelled to Europe where he learnt about socialist ideas. Back in Argentina, he worked as a surgeon at the Hospital de Cronicos.

Justo wrote his first pieces at the La Prensa newspaper as a parliamentary journalist. At the beginning of 1890 he started writing for the socialist newspaper El Obrero. In 1894, together with Augusto Kuhn and Esteban Jimenez he founded the La Vanguardia publication that became two years later, with the creation of the Socialist Party, the official organ of the party. In 1905 La Vanguardia became a daily newspaper, in an important cultural extension that exceeded its original purpose of political diffusion. Justo directed the newspaper until his death.

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