Miguel Juarez Celman
People from Cordoba (Argentina)
Presidents of Argentina
Argentine deputies Forum
Miguel Juarez Celman was President of Argentina from 12 October 1886 to 6 August 1890. A lawyer and politician, his career was defined by the influence of his kinsman, Julio Argentino Roca, whom propelled him into a legislative career. He was a staunch promoter of separation of church and state and an aristocratic liberal.
As president of Argentina, he promoted public works, but was not capable of maintaining economic stability and had to contend with the powerful opposition of the Civic Union Party, and his leader Leandro N. Alem. After the Revolucion del Parque even though having defeated the uprising, he was forced to resign and retired from political life.
Juarez Celman was born and raised in Cordoba, where he studied under the Jesuits at the Colegio de Montserrat. He studied Law, becoming a lawyer in 1869. Thanks to his family connections, he came from an aristocratic family, he entered political life early. He was elected Representative just after obtaining his doctorate and from the provincial parliament he headed the movement to promote the secularization of education. Two years later he was elected to the Senate of Argetina and in 1877 became its president. He spent little time as president as after the death of Governor Climaco de la Pena, the new Government of Antonio Del Viso nominated him as Government Minister. His energetic work earned him the nomination and election as Governor of Cordoba on May 17, 1880
He was Governor Elect when there was an insurrection in Buenos Aires, led by Carlos Tejedor and Lisandro Olmos, opposed to the federalization of Buenos Aires. The federalization succeeded in 1880 and was followed by the establishment of state elementary education in the capitalArgentina 11516-1987 by David Rock - Chapter IV during the presidency of Julio A. Roca.
Having become a national Senator in 1883 and becoming close to President Roca, he obtained his support in his bid to become candidate for president for the National Autonomist Party (PAN). He won the 1886 national election, not without accusations of fraud, which was not uncommon in the PAN. His Vice-President was Carlos Pellegrini, ex-War Minister under Roca, who had supported his candidacy from the pages of the Sud America newspaper.
Most observers expected Juarez Celman's administration to be a continuation of Roca's with the retired president managing from behind the scenes, but in a display of independence, he took control of the PAN with in a more authoritative form becoming what his opponents dubbed the unicato (one-man rule)Argentina 11516-1987 by David Rock - Chapter IV. This, combined with economic regression, led to the formation of the Civic Union, an opposition group that was later split into the National Civic Union and the Radical Civic Union, the latter being still important in Argentinian politics. In 1890, a revolution forced Celman to resign, and Vice-President Carlos Pellegrini, succeeded him.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Miguel Juarez Celman