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Coat of arms of Peru


The Coat of Arms of Peru is a national symbolic emblem of Peru. Four variants are used: the Coat of Arms per se (Escudo de Armas), the National Coat of Arms or National Shield (Escudo Nacional), the Great Seal of the State (Gran Sello del Estado) and the Naval Coat of Arms (Escudo de la Marina de Guerra).

Description

All four share the same escutcheon or shield, consisting of three elements: the top left section shows the vicuna, the national animal, on a light-blue field, representing the fauna of Peru; the tree in the top right section is the cinchona tree , on a white background, representing the national flora; and the bottom cornucopia with coins spilling from it, on a red field, represents the mineral resources of the country.

Variants

The Coat of Arms

The Coat of Arms (Escudo de Armas) has a palm branch on its left and an laurel one on its right, tied by a red and white ribbon, as well as a holm oak Civic Crown above it. These represent victory and glory. This variant is used on the national ensign (Pabellon Nacional) or state flag. Its use on its own is infrequent, except on currency, both on coins and bills, and stamps.

The National Coat of Arms

The National Coat of Arms or National Shield (Escudo Nacional) consists of the shield plus a Peruvian flag and a standard on each side, and a Civic Crown as crest. It is used on the war flag (Bandera de Guerra). Its use on its own is mandated for all public buildings, with the name of the entity under it.

The Great Seal of the State

The Great Seal of the State (Gran Sello del Estado), consisting of the National Shield and the semicircular inscription "REPUBLICA DEL PERU" ("Republic of Peru") above it, is used on official documents.

The Naval Coat of Arms

The Naval Coat of Arms (Escudo de la Marina de Guerra), consists of the National Shield and the semicircular inscription "Marina de Guerra del Peru", along with anchors instead of the traditional flags it is embedded upon, as well as having an image of the sun as the crest. it is used for various naval purposes.

History

First version

The first version of the Coat of Arms of Peru was designed by General Jose de San Martin and officially declared on 21 October 1820. It consisted of a landscape of the sun rising from the Andes, seen from the sea, and escorted by laurel branches tied with a golden ribbon.

In the shield, on a blue sky background, the sun's yellow rays can be seen behind the dark brown mountains rising above the blue and green ocean.

The flags of the South American nations and a banana tree can be seen behind the shield. A condor on the left and a llama on the right act as supporters.

All this was on top of a baroque base, with a scroll under it with the motto "Renacio el sol del Peru" ("Peru's sun is reborn") in capital letters. Some flowers, branches and ammunition were on the base.

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Second version

On 25 February 1825, Simon Bolivar and the Constituent Congress proclaimed a law defining the new national symbols. establishing the new Coat of Arms, similar to the one used today. This was designed by Congressmen Jose Gregorio Paredes and Francisco Javier Cortes. The official description was the following:

"Las armas de la Nacion Peruana constaran de un escudo dividido en tres campos (forma polaca), uno azul celeste, a la derecha, que llevara una vicuna mirando al interior; otro blanco, a la izquierda, donde se colocara el arbol de la quina; y otro rojo inferior y mas pequeno en que se vera una cornucopia derramando monedas, significandose con estos simbolos, las preciosidades del Peru en los tres reinos naturales. El escudo tendra por timbre una corona civica vista de plano; e ira acompanada en cada lado de una bandera y un estandarte de los colores nacionales, senalado mas adelante."

"The arms of the Peruvian Nation shall consist of a shield divided into three fields (Polish shape), one light-blue, to the left, which will carry a vicuna looking inwards; another white, on the right , where a cinchona tree will be located; and another red below and smaller in which a cornucopia will be seen spilling coins, signifying with these symbols, the richnesses of Peru in the three natural kingdoms. The shield shall have as crest a Civic Crown seen flat; and shall be escorted on each side by a flag and standard of the same national colors, described later."

1950 Modification

This is the Coat of Arms used today and is a modification of the second version. Until 1950, the Coat of Arms was a symbol of both the Nation and the State, and presented some difficulties in its design. These generated that, months after its creation, that the seals of ministries modified the law, cutting the width of the shield to design the cornucopia comfortably, and getting rid of the escorting flags.

The last modification was in March 1950, during General Manuel A. Odria's administration. In this way, the Coat of Arms was split in halfs, and the lower section became the largest, rather than the smallest. The National Coat of Arms was created simultaneously as a heraldic symbol of the State.

File:Escudo de armas del Peru.svg|Coat of Arms
Escudo de Armas

File:Escudo nacional del Peru.svg|National Coat of Arms
Escudo Nacional

File:Gran Sello de la Republica del Peru.svg|Great Seal of the State
Gran Sello del Estado

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Coat of arms of Peru


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