Fort Virhuenco was a Spanish fort located in what is now Araucania Region of southern Chile. It was first established by Alonso de Ribera in 1613 as part of his system of frontier forts. It was located in the valley of Virhuen southeast of the city of Angol and in the upper part of the Rehue River near the western part the region of Quechereguas where the high mountains begin. Later it was abandoned or destroyed.
Again in 1665 Governor Francisco de Meneses Brito erected there fort San Carlos Claudio Gay calls it Virguenco. Claudio Gay, Historia_fisica y politica de Chile, Tomo III, Cap. XXVII, which, the Indians took and killed all the garrison on May 20, 1667 According to Don Jose Basilio de Rojas y Fuentes, Apuntes de lo acaecido en la conquista do Chile, desde sus principios hasta el ano de 1672..
The name of Virhuen and also that of Virhuenco, are alterations of the Mapudungun virquen or virquyn that means "cold earth".
Francisco Solano Asta Buruaga y Cienfuegos Diccionario geografico de la Republica de Chile, SEGUNDA EDICION CORREGIDA Y AUMENTADA, NUEVA YORK, D. APPLETON Y COMPANIA. 1899. Pg.887 Virhuen.Comarca
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