Ashaninka is an American indigenous language spoken by the Ashaninca people along the Apurimac, Ene, Perene, and Tambo rivers and tributaries in Peru. Their ethnic group numbers from 25,000 to 30,000. Many of them still speak their native tongue.
The language has also been called both Ashaninca and Campa; the latter of which is offensive. Like all languages that have a predominance in any particular region of Peru, Ashaninka is an official language in the area in which it is spoken as provided by the Constitution. Literacy rates range from 10% to 30% compared to 15% to 25% literacy for the second language, Spanish.
The Campa (or Pre-Andean) group of the Maipurean language family includes what have been called Ashaninka, Gran Pajonal Campa, Asheninka, Axaninca, Machiguenga, and Nomatsiguenga. As these are all very closely related linguistic systems, the decision to call them dialects of a single language or different languages rests on social and political considerations rather than mere linguistic similarity or difference, as in so many other places in the world. Attempts to unify the varieties with one written standard have not been successful. Ashaninka should not be confused with the related language Asheninka and is also close to Caquinte and Machiguenga.
Ashaninka at Ethnologue
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Ashaninka language