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Outline of Ecuador


The Republic of Ecuador is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. The country also includes the Galapagos Islands (Archipielago de Colon) in the Pacific, about 965 kilometers west of the mainland. Ecuador straddles the equator, from which it takes its name, and has an area of 256,371 square kilometers . Its capital city is Quito, and its largest city is Guayaquil.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Republic of Ecuador:

General reference

Pronunciation:

Common English country name: Ecuador

Official English country name: The Republic of Ecuador

Common endonym: Ecuador

Official endonym: Republica del Ecuador

Adjectival(s): Ecuadorian

Demonym(s):

Etymology: Name of Ecuador

International rankings of Ecuador

ISO country codes: EC, ECU, 218

ISO region codes: See [[ISO 3166-2:EC]]

Internet country code top-level domain: .ec

Geography of Ecuador

Ecuador is: a country

Location:

* Western Hemisphere, on the equator

** South America

* Time zones:

** Galapagos Islands Galapagos Time (UTC-06)

** Rest of Ecuador Ecuador Time (UTC-05)

* Extreme points of Ecuador

** High: Chimborazo farthest point from the center of the Earth

** Low: Pacific Ocean 0 m

* Land boundaries: 2,010 km

1,420 km

590 km

* Coastline: Pacific Ocean 2,237 km

Population of Ecuador: 13,755,680 people (2007 estimate) - 65th most populous country

Area of Ecuador: - 73rd largest country

[[:commons:Atlas of Ecuador|Atlas of Ecuador]]

Environment of Ecuador

Climate of Ecuador

Environmental issues in Ecuador

Ecoregions in Ecuador

Renewable energy in Ecuador

Geology of Ecuador

National parks of Ecuador

Protected areas of Ecuador

Wildlife of Ecuador

* Flora of Ecuador

* Fauna of Ecuador

** Birds of Ecuador

** Mammals of Ecuador

Geographic features of Ecuador

Fjords of Ecuador

Glaciers of Ecuador

Islands of Ecuador

Lakes of Ecuador

Mountains of Ecuador

* Volcanoes in Ecuador

Rivers of Ecuador

* Waterfalls of Ecuador

Valleys of Ecuador

World Heritage Sites in Ecuador

Regions of Ecuador

Ecoregions of Ecuador

Administrative divisions of Ecuador

Regions of Ecuador

* Provinces of Ecuador, see also Province

** Cantons of Ecuador, see also Canton

*** Parishes of Ecuador, see also Parish

*** Municipalities of Ecuador

Provinces of Ecuador

Azuay (1)

Bolivar (2)

Canar (3)

Carchi (4)

Chimborazo (5)

Cotopaxi (6)

El Oro (7)

Esmeraldas (8)

Galapagos (9)

Guayas (10)

Imbabura (11)

Loja (12)

Los Rios (13)

Manabi (14)

Morona Santiago (15)

Napo (16)

Orellana (17)

Pastaza (18)

Pichincha (19)

Santa Elena (20)

Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas (21)

Sucumbios (22)

Tungurahua (23)

Zamora-Chinchipe (24)

Cantons of Ecuador
Parishes of Ecuador
Municipalities of Ecuador

Cities of Ecuador

* Capital of Ecuador: Quito

* Province capitals of Ecuador

Demography of Ecuador

Nations of Ecuador

Ecuador is a plurinational state. In addition to whites, blacks, and mestizos, many Ecuadorians belong to indigenous nations, principally:

Achuar

Awa

Chachi

Cofan

Epera

Huaorani

Kichua

Manta

Secoya

Shuar

Siona

Tsachila

Huancavilca

Zaparo

Government and politics of Ecuador

Form of government: Presidential representative democratic republic

Capital of Ecuador: Quito

Elections in Ecuador

* (specific elections)

Liberalism and radicalism in Ecuador

Political parties in Ecuador

Political scandals of Ecuador

Taxation in Ecuador

Branches of the government of Ecuador

Executive branch of the government of Ecuador

Head of state: President of Ecuador

Head of government: President of Ecuador

* Cabinet of Ecuador

Legislative branch of the government of Ecuador

National Congress of Ecuador

Ecuadorian Constituent Assembly

Judicial branch of the government of Ecuador

Supreme Court of Ecuador

Foreign relations of Ecuador

United States-Ecuador relations

International organization membership

The Republic of Ecuador is a member of:

Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)

Andean Community of Nations (CAN)

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Group of 77 (G77)

Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

International Criminal Court (ICCt)

International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)

International Development Association (IDA)

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS)

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)

International Labour Organization (ILO)

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

International Organization for Migration (IOM)

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM)

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO)

International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)

Latin American Economic System (LAES)

Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)

Nonaligned Movement (NAM)

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

Organization of American States (OAS)

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)

Rio Group (RG)

Southern Cone Common Market (Mercosur) (associate)

Union Latina

United Nations (UN)

Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)

United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT)

United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS)

United Nations Operation in Cote d'Ivoire (UNOCI)

United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

World Confederation of Labour (WCL)

World Customs Organization (WCO)

World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU)

World Health Organization (WHO)

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Law and order in Ecuador

Capital punishment in Ecuador

Constitution of Ecuador

Crime in Ecuador

Human rights in Ecuador

* LGBT rights in Ecuador

* Freedom of religion in Ecuador

Law enforcement in Ecuador

Same-sex marriage in Ecuador

Military of Ecuador

Command

* Commander-in-chief:

** Ministry of Defence of Ecuador

Forces

* Army of Ecuador

* Navy of Ecuador

* Air Force of Ecuador

* Special forces of Ecuador

Military history of Ecuador

Military ranks of Ecuador

History of Ecuador

Military history of Ecuador

Culture of Ecuador

Architecture of Ecuador

Cuisine of Ecuador

Ethnic minorities in Ecuador

Festivals in Ecuador

Humor in Ecuador

Languages of Ecuador

Media in Ecuador

National symbols of Ecuador

* Coat of arms of Ecuador

* Flag of Ecuador

* National anthem of Ecuador

Prostitution in Ecuador

Public holidays in Ecuador

Religion in Ecuador

* Buddhism in Ecuador

* Christianity in Ecuador

* Hinduism in Ecuador

* Islam in Ecuador

* Judaism in Ecuador

* Sikhism in Ecuador

World Heritage Sites in Ecuador

Art in Ecuador

Art in Ecuador

Cinema of Ecuador

Literature of Ecuador

Music of Ecuador

Television in Ecuador

Theatre in Ecuador

Sports in Ecuador

Ecuador at the Olympics

Football in Ecuador

Science and Technology

Ecuadorian Civilian Space Agency

Economy of Ecuador

Economic rank, by nominal GDP (2007): 68th (sixty-eighth)

.ec Internet country code top-level domain for Ecuador

Agriculture in Ecuador

Central Bank of Ecuador

Communications in Ecuador

Companies of Ecuador

Currency of Ecuador: Dollar

*ISO 4217: USD

Economic history of Ecuador

Mining in Ecuador

Oil industry in Ecuador

Tourism in Ecuador

Transport in Ecuador

Ecuador Stock Exchange

Education in Ecuador

Infrastructure of Ecuador

Communications in Ecuador

* Internet in Ecuador

Energy in Ecuador

Health care in Ecuador

Transportation in Ecuador

* Airports in Ecuador

* Highways of Ecuador

* Rail transport in Ecuador

Water supply and sanitation in Ecuador

See also

Index of Ecuador-related articles

List of Ecuador-related topics

List of international rankings

Member state of the United Nations

Outline of geography

Outline of South America

External links

President of Ecuador
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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Outline of Ecuador


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