ONEMI or Oficina Nacional de Emergencia del Ministerio del Interior (Spanish for National Office of Emergency of the Interior Ministry) is a Chilean government agency dedicated to the prevention, organization, coordination and information relative to natural disasters. After the 1960 Valdivia earthquake a committee was formed to solve problems caused by the earthquake. However, this committee was not dissolved afterwards and in 1974, it acquired by law independent status as governmental office.
Other state funded agencies and services that cooperate with ONEMI are CONAF in terms related to forests and wildlife and OVDAS in monitoring volcanoes.
ONEMI has faced severe criticism after the 2010 Chile earthquake, the largest earthquake since the 1960 Valdivia earthquake. Criticism include the lack of coordination with other authorities and the SHOA (Hydrological and ocenographical service of Chile's navy). ONEMI, SHOA and the government have been accused of the initial neglect of the tsunami warning sent by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, which resulted in the deaths of hundred of persons.
ONEMI's official site
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