Government Junta of Chile (1823)
Government Junta of Chile , was the political structure established to rule Chile following the resignation of Supreme Director Bernardo O'Higgins. It ruled the country until April 4, 1823, when Ramon Freire assumed as the new Supreme Director.
During most of 1822, Chile had grown increasingly opposed to the conservative rule of Bernardo O'Higgins, and especially to the economic policies of his minister Jose Antonio Rodriguez Aldea, who was widely accused of widespread corruption. The situation came to a head on January 28, 1823, when O'Higgins, in a very emotional speech and with the objective of preventing a civil war, voluntarily resigned his position in front of a convention of the principal citizens of Santiago. The power was vested then on the hands of a Government Junta, that was to rule until power could be transferred to a new Supreme Director, to be selected with the consent of the rest of the provinces.
The Junta was composed of the principal representatives of the various factions that were vying for power. Agustin Eyzaguirre was elected president, with Fernando Errazuriz and Jose Miguel Infante as members. This Junta only functioned until March 29, 1823, when it designated General Ramon Freire as the new Supreme Director and proceeded to dissolve itself.
Nonetheless, General Freire was not in Santiago at the time of his nomination, so power was assumed by a "Plenipotentiaries Congress" made up of representatives of the three provinces in which the country was divided then. This "congress" held power for a week until the arrival of General Freire and his assumption of executive power on April 4 (some authors consider April 5 as the actual date), of 1823.
History of Chile
List of Government Juntas of Chile
List of Heads of State
Historical Analysis of the Military Coups in Chile
History of the September Junta
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Government Junta of Chile (1823)