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Nothofagus antarctica

Nothofagus antarctica , is a deciduous tree or shrub native to southern Chile and Argentina from about 36S latitude south to Tierra del Fuego (56 S). The southernmost occurrence is on Hoste Island, making it the southernmost trees on earth. It grows mainly in the diminishing temperate rainforests.

It typically grows 10-25 m (32-80 ft) tall and has a slender trunk with attractive scaly bark. The leaves are simple and alternate, growing 2-4.5 cm long, and often viscid, with a sweetly scented wax. The leaf color is medium green, becoming yellow to orange in the fall. They are broadly ovate to triangular, crinkly, rounded at the tips, irregularly and minutely toothed. The flowers are inconspicuous yellow-green catkins. The fruit is a 6 mm, very fragrant 4-valved capsule containing three small nuts.

It has been planted in the North Pacific Coast of the United States and in Great Britain and does very well in that country. Trees planted in Faroe Islands, which were imported directly from its southernmost distribution in Tierra del Fuego, have shown a good hardiness. .

Nothofagus moorei, found in Australia, is also referred to as "Antarctic Beech".

References and external links

Donoso, C. 2005. Arboles nativos de Chile. Guia de reconocimiento. Edicion 4. Marisa Cuneo Ediciones, Valdivia, Chile. 136p.

Hoffmann, Adriana. 1998. Flora Silvestre de Chile, Zona Central. Edicion 4. Fundacion Claudio Gay, Santiago. 254p.

Rodriguez, R. & Quezada, M. 2003. Fagaceae. En C. Marticorena y R. Rodriguez [eds.], Flora de Chile Vol. 2(2), pp 64-76. Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Nothofagus antarctica

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