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Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil


Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan var. cebil (Griseb.) Altschul is a mimosa-like timber tree native to Caatinga and Cerrado vegetation in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Peru. It has also been introduced to Mauritius. It grows up to 25 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 60-90 cm. The tree's mimosa-like leaves range in length from about 7-20 cm. The flowers are cream-colored and arrive in the spring. The seed pods are fairly straight and contain about 8 to 15 seeds each. The seeds are flat, average each about 1.5 cm in diameter and have an average mass of about 0.125 g each. The tree's wood has a density of about 0.840 kg/dm.

Uses

Gum

Gum from the tree can be used in the same way as gum arabic. Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke, p. 98

Honey

This tree is used as a honey plant.

Medicine

The tree is a medicinal plant. The bark is the most-used part of the tree for this. An extract of grated bark is taken for liver problems. A syrup of the bark and resin is used to treat upper respiratory infections and angina pectoris. Bark extract is taken for treating gonorrhea. Small amounts of roasted, powdered seeds are snuffed for headaches and colds.

Ornamental tree

The tree is an ornamental plant, and it is especially useful as an urban tree.

Tannin

The tree's bark contains about 15.38% tannin. The seed pods contain 3% tannin and the heartwood contains 1.8%. Google Books Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke p. 96

Wood

The wood is very hard and it dulls cutting tools. The heartwood is quite durable. The tree's wood is used for outdoor construction, marine applications, railroad ties and implement handles.

Alkaloids

Bufotenin and dimethyltryptamine have been isolated from the seeds and seed pods, 5-MeO-DMT from the bark of the stems. The seeds were found to contain 12.4% bufotenine, 0.06% 5-MeO-DMT and 0.06% DMT.

Conservation

A. colubrina var. cebil is very much sought for its wood and bark (for medicinal purposes) and so it is being destructively cut down by industry. Since the tree is beautiful and useful, calls are being made to plant trees near communities that use them, so that sustainable harvesting of the tree can be accomplished.

Propagation

The seeds can be placed between a folded damp paper towel in a sealable plastic sandwich bag for a few days until the seeds sprout. They can then be planted 1 cm deep in well-drained containers. Once watered, is important to let the growing medium dry out well, before watering again.

See also

Anadenanthera colubrina

List of honey plants

List of plants of Caatinga vegetation of Brazil

List of plants of Cerrado vegetation of Brazil

External links

Anandenanthera macrocarpa Click on Image (www.fieldmuseum.org)

Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil (ILDIS)

Anadenanthera macrocarpa

Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil Photos -- Google Images

Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil Photo

Current Specimen List for Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil


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