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Juan Pizarro II


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Juan Pizarro y Alonso was a Spanish conquistador who accompanied his brothers Francisco, Gonzalo and Hernando Pizarro for the conquest of Peru in 1532.

Illegitimate son of Captain Gonzalo Pizarro y Rodriguez de Aguilar (senior) (1446-1522) who as colonel of infantry served in the Italian campaigns under Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba, and in Navarre, with some distinction, and Maria Alonso, from Trujillo. Half brother of Francisco and Hernando Pizarro. Full brother of Gonzalo Pizarro.

He was one of the most ruthless, brutal and corrupt conquistadors in the New World. Juan and his brothers, led by Francisco and friend Diego de Almagro, conquered the mighty Inca Empire and the sacred Inca capital, Cuzco in 1533. They imprisoned and executed the Inca Emperor Atahualpa and stole the gold treasures from the city. Juan, Hernando and Gonzalo Pizarro were then appointed to garrison the city of Cuzco by Francisco Pizarro when he departed to explore the northern west coast of Peru and founded Lima in 1535.

Juan, Gonzalo and Hernando ruled Cuzco as a dictatorship, torturing and executing those who refused to accept Spanish rule.

In May 6, 1536, the Incas, led by the crowned puppet Inca Emperor Manco Inca Yupanqui, rebelled due to mistreatment and gathered 100,000 Inca warriors to overthrow the Spaniards in Cuzco. This led to many sieges and battles for control of the land, over ten months. The Incas, however, failed to drive the Spaniards from the city, as many succumbed to small pox.

Juan eventually died in the battle of Sacsayhuaman, an Inca fortress near Cuzco. He was attempting to break the siege of Cuzco by leading an army out of the palace and attacking the Inca fortress. Juan Pizarro was struck on the head by a large stone hurled by an Inca warrior as he was trying to climb the high walls of Sacsayhuaman. Juan's soldiers won the battle, gained control of the fortress and weakened the Inca's control of Cuzco. Juan's death did not stop the Spanish from destroying the Incas. In 1536-37, his brother, Francisco Pizarro, lead an army of 300 soldiers into the port of Lima, and due to the superiority of their heavily armed cavalry, defeated the Manco Inca force. Manco eventually lifted the siege upon the arrival of Diego de Almagro with another Spanish contingent and withdrew to the jungles of Vilcabamba.


Ancestors of Juan Pizarro y Alonso

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