Diego de Almagro
Diego de Almagro , also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Spanish conquistador and a companion and later rival of Francisco Pizarro. He participated in the Spanish conquest of Peru and is credited as the first European discoverer of Chile.
Almagro lost his left eye battling with coastal natives in the New World. In 1525 he joined the Pizarro brothers and Hernando de Luque at Panama for the conquest of Peru.
Diego de Almagro was born in the Spanish city signified by his last name, being the illegitimate son of Juan de Montenegro and Elvira Gutierrez. Almagro's parents had promised each other to get married, but ended their relationship before fulfilling this promise. By the time of their break up, Elvira was pregnant, leading her family members to conceal her pregnancy until she gave birth to Diego in 1479. To save Elvira's honor, her family kept her infant and took him to the near village of Bolanos, and Diego was later transferred to Aldea del Rey under the tutelage of Sancha Lopez del Peral.
"Michimalonco, Pedro de Valdivia and the birth of Chile"
"The consolidation of the Spanish dominion in Chile"
Study of Diego de Almagro
"Vida del mariscal y adelantado Don Diego de Almagro el viejo y de su hijo Don Diego de Almagro"
"Vida y obra de Diego de Almagro"
Documental sources and bibliographies for the study of the History of Chile
"History of Chile"
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