Hans Heinrich Bruning Brookstedt
Hans Heinrich Bruning Brookstedt was a Peruvian archaeologist of German origin. Born in Hoffeld, Germany on the 20th of August, 1848. His parents were Jochim Bruning and Anna Magdalena Brookstedt.
Young Hans Heinrich was formed as mechanical engineer and, at the age of 27 years, he decides to embark to Peru arriving at the port of the Callao on September 12, 1875. Five days later he disembarks in the port Eten in Chiclayo and immediately he puts himself to the service as mechanic of the sugar estate Patamo. But curiously Bruning does not present himself as an engineer, but as merchant and then as manager.
Once taken root in the Peruvian north, he starts visiting the bordering estates, and it would be newly from 1894 that he is met by Enrique's name, according to the newspaper kept in the files of Hamburgisches Museum Fur Volkerkunde , Hamburg, Germany. But these personal notes reveal something amazing: they are written in German until 1890, and then it does it in Spanish between 1906 and 1909, finally to return to his mother tongue until the end of his days.
It is known that the romance of Bruning for the archaeology begins in 1883 when he meets Adolph Bandelier, a matador in the architectural studies of the pre-Hispanic buildings and, since then, Bruning took his bore camera and started re-treating the most ancient constructions and also to the inhabitants of the epoch.
Keen photographer and good drawer, manages to raise planes that up to today attract attention of the understood ones, in addition to registering more than 2 thousand photos in glass badges, in negative and positive movies, as it affirms Corinna Raddatz studious of the visual collection of Bruning.
He starts buying and gathering archaeological pieces as ceramios, metals, precious stones and carved in wood. His life starts inclining for the ethnography, the archaeology and as a dear and respected man although of very few friends. It was undoubtedly a modest being: hardly ever took a picture of himself.
When Enrique Bruning was 49 years of age (in 1897) and with twenty years in Peru, it decides to return to his country. He was still staying single. He finished in Germany his library and he links with institutions of the first level. He returns to Peru in 1898 on board of the steam Amasis.
In 1902, Bruning initiates a risky expedition in order to find the shortest way between the basin of the Cashew and the coast of the Pacific Ocean. This passage realizes it together with the Polish engineer Eduardo de Habich and the landowner Manuel Antonio Mesones Muro, with whom the pongo of Manseriche comes even. Bruning made the most of the opportunity to write an ethnographic description of the peoples aguarunas.
The inhabitants muchik of the Peruvian north were avoiding him the strangers, but Bruning did a patient work, took chicha of jora with them, and gained him his confidence to such a point that had more than hundred godfathers. This reception cost him to remain to living in the Town of Eten with the intention of studying the language muchik, and further on writing a dictionary of this native language that should publish in 1917. He is an author of other publications as " Monographic Studies of the Department of Lambayeque ", and a series of articles that he published in the German magazines " Anthropophyteia " and " Globus ".
But not only he devoted himself to his ethnographic manuscripts, Bruning as big violinist and lover of the music, some cylinders of wax were obtained and it started recording music in the dialect muchik. Today the original ones survive in the Anthropological Museum of Hamburg of Germany and they are a part of the first recordings of popular music done in our country.
During 50 years that it was in our country, it devoted itself to be bought and collect ceramics, so much so in 1916, the pieces were already not fitting in his room and they started hindering him, for what it decides to sell part of his collection to the Peruvian State in 60,000 soles, when he was a president Augusto B. Leguia.
The pieces since then were a part of the First Regional Museum of Peru located in the proper house of Bruning, and already in 1921 it turned into the Museum of Bruning, being proper Enrique the first director named with a salary of four monthly soles.
But the charge him lasted very little time due to his 77 years of age and the discomforts of health. He resigned to leave a rainy evening of June 17, 1925, without nobody was dismissing it in the pier of Port Eten. Already in his homeland, a fulminating cardiac unemployment extinguished his life on July 2, 1928, in the city of Bordesholm, to a few days of fulfilling 80 years of age.
Bruning school in Lima, Peru
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