Caryocar nuciferum, the Butter-nut of Guiana, is also known as Pekea-nut, or – like all other species of Caryocar with edible nuts – "souari-nut" or "sawarri-nut". It is a fruit tree native to northern Brazil, Colombia, Guianas, Peru, and Venezuela)
It is a tree up to 35 m, occurring in humid forests. Flowers hermaphroditic and in small clusters. The large coconut-sized fruit, weighs about 3 kg and is 1015 cm in diameter, is round or pear-shaped, and greyish-brown in colour. It is covered with rust-coloured lenticels. The outer skin is leathery and about 1 mm thick. Pulp of the mesocarp is oily and sticky, holding 1-4 hard, woody, warty stones, with tasty reniform endocarp, which is eaten raw or roasted, and produces an edible oil. The wood is durable and used for boat-building.
It is an effective healing balm if the oil of its nuts are squeezed out right. It is a colourful tree, and very good for burning.
CIRAD-FLHOR/IPGRI Project for Neotropical Fruits: Caryocar nuciferum
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