Maitland Plan (Spanish, Plan de Maitland), refers to a plan created by Scottish Major General Thomas Maitland in 1800. The plan was titled Plan to capture Buenos Aires and Chile, and then emancipate Peru and Quito.
According to Argentine historian Felipe Pigna, Jose de San Martin was introduced to the plan by members of the lodge founded by Francisco de Miranda and Scottish Lord MacDuff (James Duff, the Fourth Earl of Fife).
The plan consisted in:
Seize control of Buenos Aires.
Take position in Mendoza.
Coordinate actions with an independentist Chilean army.