The Argentine Blue-bill or Argentine Lake Duck or Argentine Ruddy duck (Oxyura vittata) is a small South American stiff-tailed duck.
Range: Chile and Argentina, sometimes migrating in winter to southern Brazil and Paraguay. Clumsy on land since their legs are set unusually far back. They spend most of their time in water where they feed by diving, and rarely fly. [*]
Lake ducks are small, around 640 grams (23 oz), and about 40 cm (16 inches) in length. The male duck (or drake) has a black head, reddish-brown body, and blue bill. The female is less colorful, with a brown body, white throat, and a white horizontal stripe on the side of the head below the eyes. [*]
It is notable for possessing, in relation to body length, the longest penis of all vertebrates; the penis, which is coiled up in flaccid state, can reach about the same length as the animal itself when fully erect, but more commonly is about half the bird's length. McCracken, Kevin G. (2000): "The 20-cm Spiny Penis of the Argentine Lake Duck (Oxyura vittata)". The Auk 117(3) p.820825. PDF fulltextMcCracken, Kevin G. et al. (2001): "Sexual selection: Are ducks impressed by drakes' display?". Nature 413 p.128. DOI: 10.1038/35093160 PDF fulltext It is theorized that the remarkable size of the spiny penis with its bristled tip may have evolved in response to competitive pressure in these highly promiscuous birds, removing sperm from previous matings in the manner of a bottle brush.
Although most male birds have no penis [*], ducks have a long corkscrew penis, and the females have a long corkscrew vagina, which spirals in the opposite direction. [*] The males often try to force copulation, but the complex mating geometry allows the females to retain controlmost of the forced copulations do not result in successful fertilisation. [*]
Images of Oxyura vittata on the Internet (Google search of hu Wiki)
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Argentine Blue-bill