The Liga Federal or Liga de los Pueblos Libres (League of the Free Peoples in English) originates from Jose Gervasio Artigas's idea to establish a federal government among the provinces of the former Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata.
After the May Revolution, most of the provinces of former Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata got together forming the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, also known as United Provinces of South America in 1816. The four provinces of Upper Peru were occupied and the other ten were under pressure from Royalist forces.
The league's original members by the provinces of Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Misiones, Provincia Oriental and Santa Fe. The idea was opposed by Unitarists, predominantly in Buenos Aires.
The first stage of the Liga Federal ended in 1820 when Artigas was defeated by Portuguese forces in Tacuarembo and forced into exile in Paraguay.
The provinces of the Liga Federal joined the United Provinces after the Unitarists's defeat in the Battle of Cepeda.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Liga Federal