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Outline of Venezuela

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a sovereign country located in northern South America.

Venezuela comprises a continental mainland and numerous islands located off the Venezuelan coastline in the Caribbean Sea. The country borders Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Barbados, Curacao, Bonaire, Aruba, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and the Leeward Antilles lie just north, off the Venezuelan coast. Falling within the tropics, Venezuela sits close to the equator, in the Northern Hemisphere.

A former Spanish colony, which has been an independent republic since 1821, Venezuela holds territorial disputes with Guyana, largely concerning the Essequibo area, and with Colombia concerning the Gulf of Venezuela. In 1895, after the dispute over the Guyana border flared up, it was submitted to a neutral commission, which in 1899 decided it mostly in Guyana's favour. Today, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is known widely for its petroleum industry, the environmental diversity of its territory, and its natural features. Venezuela is considered to be among the world's 17 most biodiverse countries.

Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital Caracas which is also the largest city. Other major cities include Maracaibo, Valencia, Maracay, Barquisimeto, Ciudad Guayana and the popular tourist city of Merida. Venezuela is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Venezuela:

General reference


Common English country name: Venezuela

Official English country name: The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

Common endonym(s):

Official endonym(s):

Adjectival(s): Venezuela


Etymology: Name of Venezuela

International rankings of Venezuela

ISO country codes: VE, VEN, 862

ISO region codes: See [[ISO 3166-2:VE]]

Internet country code top-level domain: .ve

Geography of Venezuela

Venezuela is: a country


* Northern Hemisphere

* Western Hemisphere

** Latin America

*** South America

* Time zone: Venezuelan Standard Time

* Extreme points of Venezuela

** High: Pico Bolivar

** Low: Caribbean Sea 0 m

* Land boundaries: 4,993 km

2,200 km

2,050 km

743 km

* Coastline: 2,800 km

Population of Venezuela: 28,018,018 (25 September 2008) - 42nd most populous country

Area of Venezuela: 916,445 km2

[[:commons:Atlas of Venezuela|Atlas of Venezuela]]

Environment of Venezuela

Climate of Venezuela

Environmental issues in Venezuela

Ecoregions in Venezuela

Renewable energy in Venezuela

Geology of Venezuela

Protected areas of Venezuela

* Biosphere reserves in Venezuela

* National parks of Venezuela

Wildlife of Venezuela

* Flora of Venezuela

* Fauna of Venezuela

** Birds of Venezuela

** Mammals of Venezuela

Natural geographic features of Venezuela

Fjords of Venezuela

Glaciers of Venezuela

Islands of Venezuela

Lakes of Venezuela

Mountains of Venezuela

* Volcanoes in Venezuela

Rivers of Venezuela

* Waterfalls of Venezuela

Valleys of Venezuela

World Heritage Sites in Venezuela

Regions of Venezuela

Main article: Regions of Venezuela

Ecoregions of Venezuela

Main article: Ecoregions in Venezuela

Administrative divisions of Venezuela

Main article: Administrative divisions of Venezuela

Provinces of Venezuela

* Districts of Venezuela

** Municipalities of Venezuela

Provinces of Venezuela
Districts of Venezuela
Municipalities of Venezuela

Capital of Venezuela: Caracas

Cities of Venezuela

Demography of Venezuela

Main article: Demographics of Venezuela

Government and politics of Venezuela

Main article: Government of Venezuela and Politics of Venezuela

Form of government: federal republic

Capital of Venezuela: Caracas

Elections in Venezuela

* (specific elections)

Political parties in Venezuela

Political scandals of Venezuela

Taxation in Venezuela

Branches of the government of Venezuela

Venezuela's government has five branches.

Executive branch of the government of Venezuela

Head of state and Head of government: President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez

Cabinet of Venezuela

Legislative branch of the government of Venezuela

National Assembly of Venezuela

Judicial branch of the government of Venezuela

Supreme Tribunal of Justice (Venezuela)

Citizen branch of the government of Venezuela

Electoral branch of the government of Venezuela

Foreign relations of Venezuela

Diplomatic missions in Venezuela

Diplomatic missions of Venezuela

United States-Venezuela relations

International organization membership

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a member of:

Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)

Caribbean Community and Common Market (Caricom) (observer)

Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Group of 15 (G15)

Group of 24 (G24)

Group of 77 (G77)

Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

International Criminal Court (ICCt)

International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)

International Development Association (IDA)

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS)

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)

International Labour Organization (ILO)

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

International Organization for Migration (IOM)

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM)

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO)

International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)

Latin American Economic System (LAES)

Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)

League of Arab States (LAS) (observer)

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)

Nonaligned Movement (NAM)

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

Organization of American States (OAS)

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)

Rio Group (RG)

Southern Cone Common Market (Mercosur) (associate)

Union Latina

Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)

United Nations (UN)

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

World Confederation of Labour (WCL)

World Customs Organization (WCO)

World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU)

World Health Organization (WHO)

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Law and order in Venezuela

Main article: Law of Venezuela

Capital punishment in Venezuela

Constitution of Venezuela

Crime in Venezuela

Human rights in Venezuela

* LGBT rights in Venezuela

* Freedom of religion in Venezuela

Law enforcement in Venezuela

Military of Venezuela

Main article: Military of Venezuela


* Commander-in-chief:

** Ministry of Defence of Venezuela


* Army of Venezuela

* Navy of Venezuela

* Air Force of Venezuela

* Special forces of Venezuela

Military history of Venezuela

Military ranks of Venezuela

Local government in Venezuela

History of Venezuela

Main article: History of Venezuela, Timeline of the history of Venezuela, and

Economy of Venezuela

Military history of Venezuela

Culture of Venezuela

Main article: Culture of Venezuela

Architecture of Venezuela

Cuisine of Venezuela

Ethnic minorities in Venezuela

Festivals in Venezuela

Humor in Venezuela

Languages of Venezuela

Media in Venezuela

National symbols of Venezuela

* Coat of arms of Venezuela

* Flag of Venezuela

* National anthem of Venezuela

People of Venezuela

Prostitution in Venezuela

Public holidays in Venezuela

Records of Venezuela

Religion in Venezuela

* Buddhism in Venezuela

* Christianity in Venezuela

* Hinduism in Venezuela

* Islam in Venezuela

* Judaism in Venezuela

* Sikhism in Venezuela

World Heritage Sites in Venezuela

Art in Venezuela

Art in Venezuela

Cinema of Venezuela

Literature of Venezuela

Music of Venezuela

Television in Venezuela

Theatre in Venezuela

Sports in Venezuela

Main article: Sports in Venezuela

Football in Venezuela

Venezuela at the Olympics

Economy of Venezuela

Main article: Economy of Venezuela

Economic rank, by nominal GDP (2007): 35th (thirty-fifth)

Agriculture in Venezuela

Banking in Venezuela

* National Bank of Venezuela

Communications in Venezuela

Companies of Venezuela

Currency of Venezuela: Bolivar Fuerte

*ISO 4217: VEF

Economic history of Venezuela

Energy policy of Venezuela

Mining in Venezuela

Oil industry in Venezuela

Tourism in Venezuela

Transport in Venezuela

Venezuela Stock Exchange

Education in Venezuela

Main article: Education in Venezuela''

Infrastructure of Venezuela

Communications in Venezuela

* Internet in Venezuela

Energy in Venezuela

Health care in Venezuela

Transportation in Venezuela

* Airports in Venezuela

* Rail transport in Venezuela

* Roads in Venezuela

Water supply and sanitation in Venezuela

See also

Index of Venezuela-related articles

List of Venezuela-related topics

List of international rankings

Member state of the United Nations

Outline of geography

Outline of South America

External links

Universidad de Oriente, Venezuela materials in the Digital Library of the Caribbean

;General references

Venezuela at Encyclopaedia Britannica

Venezuela from the Library of Congress Country Studies

Venezuela Information Office

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Outline of Venezuela

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