Television in Venezuela
In Venezuela, from 1953-1961, there were five broadcast networks. They were Televisora Nacional, Televisa, Radio Caracas Television (RCTV), Televisa del Zulia, and Ondas del Lago Television. From 1961-1962, there were four broadcast networks. They were Televisora Nacional, RCTV, Venevision, and Radio Valencia Television. From 1962 to 1964, there were four broadcast networks. They were Televisora Nacional, RCTV, Venevision, and Teletrece. From 1964 to 1966, there were five broadcast networks. They were Televisora Nacional, RCTV, Venevision, Teletrece, and the Cadena Venezolana de Television (CVTV). From 1966 to 1968, there were seven broadcast networks. They were Televisora Nacional, RCTV, Venevision, Teletrece, CVTV, Canal 11 Television, and Canal 11 (Maracaibo). From 1968 to 1979, there were four broadcast networks. They were Televisora Nacional, RCTV, Venevision, and CVTV .
Broadcast networks in Venezuela can be divided into three categories:
National broadcasting networks. Example: Venevision
Regional broadcasting networks. Example: Televisora Regional del Tachira
Community broadcasting networks. Example: Catia TVe
In Venezuela, unlike the United States, television networks do not have local affiliates, making the individual stations nothing more than large "repeater stations", and therefore the terms television network, television channel and television station interchangeable in this country. In the case of the smaller regional networks, the signal may be sent to just a dozen or fewer stations.
Table of broadcast networks
All of the networks listed below operate a number of terrestrial television stations. In addition, several of these networks are also aired on cable and satellite services.
Defunct over-the-air Venezuelan television networks
Televisora Nacional - Government network, predecessor of Vale TV.
Televisa - The first commercial network in Venezuela, was bought out by the Grupo Cisneros and became Venevision.
RCTV (Radio Caracas Television) - Second commercial network whose license expired on May 27, 2007. The license renewal was refused by the Government of Hugo Chavez. It was re-launched on cable and satellite television networks on July 16, 2007 as RCTV International.
Televisa del Zulia - First regional ommercial network, created in 1956 and closed in 1960.
Ondas del Lago Television - Regional television network - Active in the late '50s.
Radio Valencia Television - A regional over-the-air broadcast network from 1958 to 1962.
Teletrece - A regional television network - Active in the 60's.
Canal 11 Television - Commercial television network, 1966 – 1968.
Canal 11 (Maracaibo) - A regional television network - Active in the 60's.
Marte TV - A Caracas regional network. Sold and re-launched as La Tele on December 1, 2002.
Lists of television channels
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Television in Venezuela