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Ivan Roberto Duque Gaviria aka Ernesto Baez is a Colombian paramilitary leader former member of the demobilized United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC). Duque-Gaviria graduated as a lawyer from the Universidad de Caldas.
Duque Gaviria began his career as a member of the Colombian Liberal Party, he was democratically elected as Mayor of the municipality of La Merced and later worked for the Empresas Publicas de Manizales. In 1982 founded the Asociacion Campesina de Ganaderos y Agricultores del Magdalena Medio, ACDEGAM (Ranchers and Farmers of the Middle Magdalena Peasant Association) in Puerto Boyaca presumably as a facade for the creation of paramilitary groups for the troubled region. Duque Gaviria became an adviser to this organization and was later arrested in connection to paramilitary organizations accused by the Attorney General of Colombia. He was arrested and imprisoned at La Modelo Maximum Security Prison under assassination and conformation of illegal paramilitary groups charges.
After being released from jail Duque met with Peasant Self-Defense Forces of Cordoba and Uraba, Carlos Castano who was at the moment developing the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) Duque joined him and went clandestine under the alias "Ernesto Baez". Castano and Baez decided to create a major group for the Middle Magdalena Region called "Bolivar Central Bloc with Baez as commander. After sometime of cordiality between Castano and Baez their views towards each other resented to the point of becoming enemies.
Baez disliked how Castano became the de facto speaker of the organization and also had differences with another paramilitary with affinities with Castano with the alias of "Doble Cero" commander of the Metro Bloc after the killing of two members of the BCB in 2002 in an internal cleansing. This episode led to Baez' decision to work closely with Diego Fernando Murillo Bejarano (aka "Adolfo Paz" aka "Don Berna") and Castano's brother Vicente Castano. In 2004 Vicente ordered the assassination of his own brother Carlos and "Doble Cero".
During the AUC demobilization Baez was granted immunity and political status by the government of Colombia as member of the AUC and later surrendered under the Law of Peace and Justice" Ley de Justicia y Paz) He is currently serving time in a Colombian prison for paramilitarism.
United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia
El verdadero rostro de Ernesto Baez
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Ernesto Baez