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Osorno (volcano)


Osorno Volcano is a tall conical stratovolcano lying between Osorno Province and Llanquihue Province, in Los Lagos Region of Chile. It stands on the southeastern shore of Llanquihue Lake, and also towers over Todos los Santos Lake. Osorno is known worldwide as a symbol of the local landscape, and is noted for its similar appearance to Mount Fuji.

Osorno is one of the most active volcanoes of the southern Chilean Andes, with 11 historical eruptions recorded between 1575 and 1869. The basalt and andesite lava flows generated during these eruptions reached both Llanquihue and Todos los Santos Lakes. The upper slopes of the volcano are almost entirely covered in glaciers despite its very modest altitude and latitude, sustained by the substantial snowfall in the very moist maritime climate of the region.

Osorno sits on top of a 250,000-year-old eroded stratovolcano, La Picada, with a 6-km-wide caldera.

Trivia

Charles Darwin glimpsed Volcan Osorno from a distance in the course of the second voyage of the Beagle, catching sight of its eruption in January 1835. Sierra magazine, Jan/Feb 2006, travel column, "Good Going"

Volcan Osorno was used as the backdrop for promotional photos and video in Motorola's 2005 global advertising campaign for the PEBL mobile phone.

Image gallery

File:Red Crater at Osorno Volcano 11 Feb 2010.jpg|The "Red Crater" on the slopes of Osorno (a "flank crater")

See also

List of volcanoes in Chile

References

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Osorno (volcano)


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