Mulled wine, variations of which are popular around the world, is wine, usually red, combined with spices and typically served warm. Nowadays, it is a traditional drink during winter, especially around Christmas.
Gluhwein is popular in German-speaking countries and the region of Alsace in France. It is the traditional beverage offered and drunk on Weihnachtsmarkten. It is usually prepared from red wine, heated and spiced with cinnamon sticks, vanilla pods, cloves, citrus and sugar. Fruit wines such as blueberry wine and cherry wine are rarely used instead of grape wine in Germany. Gluhwein is drunk pure or "mit Schuss", which means there is rum or liqueur added. The French name is vin chaud (hot wine).
The oldest Gluhwein tankard is documented in the high noble German and first Riesling grower of the world, Count John IV. of Katzenelnbogen around 1420. This gold-plated lockable silver tankard imitating the traditional wine woven wooden can is called Welcome.
In Romania it is called vin fiert ("boiled wine"), and can be made using either red or white wine, sometimes adding peppercorn.
In Moldova the izvar is made from red wine with black pepper and honey.
In Italy, mulled wine is typical in the northern part of the country and is called vin brule.
In Latvia it is called karstvins ("hot wine"). When out of wine, it is prepared using grape (or currant) juice and Riga Black Balsam.
Glogg is the term for mulled wine in the Nordic countries (sometimes misspelled as glog or glug); in . Non-alcoholic glogg can be bought ready-made or prepared with fruit juices instead of wine. The main classic ingredients are (usually) red wine, sugar or syrup, spices such as cinnamon, cardamom, ginger, cloves and bitter orange, and optionally also stronger spirits such as vodka, akvavit or brandy. In Sweden, glogg spice extract can be purchased at the chemist. To prepare glogg, spices and/or spice extract are mixed into the wine, which is then heated to 60-70 Celsius (140-158 Fahrenheit). The temperature should not be allowed to rise above 78.4 Celsius (173.12 Fahrenheit) in order to avoid evaporation of the alcohol. When preparing home-made glogg using spices, the hot mixture is allowed to infuse for at least an hour, often longer, and then reheated before serving. In Sweden ready-made wine glogg is normally sold ready to heat and serve and not in concentrate or extract form. Glogg is generally served with raisins, blanched almonds and gingerbread, and is a popular hot drink during the Christmas season.
All over Scandinavia 'glogg parties' are often held during the month before Christmas. In Sweden, ginger bread and lussebullar (also called lussekatter), a type of sweet bun with saffron and raisins, are typically served. It is also traditionally served at Julbord, the Christmas buffet. In Denmark, glogg parties typically include aebleskiver sprinkled with powdered sugar and accompanied with strawberry marmalade. In Norway glogg parties with glogg and rice pudding are common. In such cases the word graut-/grotfest is more precise, taking the name from the rice pudding which is served as a course. Typically, the glogg is drunk before eating the rice pudding, which is often served with cold, red cordial (saus).
Glogg recipes vary widely; variations with white wine or sweet wines such as Madeira, or spirits such as brandy are also popular. Glogg can also be made alcohol-free by replacing the wine with fruit or berry juices (often blackcurrant) or by boiling the glogg for a few minutes to evaporate the alcohol. Glogg is very similar in taste to modern Wassail or mulled cider.
British mulled wine
A traditional recipe can be found in Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management at paragraph 1961 on page 929 to 930 of the revised edition dated 1869:
Navegado is a kind of mulled wine typically from Chile it is also called Candola in Concepcion. The word navegado comes from the Spanish navegar meaning to navigate or sail. Navegado is heated and spiced with cinnamon sticks, orange slices, cloves and sugar. Almonds and raisins are often added.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Mulled wine