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Linares Province


Linares is a Chilean province located in the southeastern part of Maule Region (Seventh Region of Chile). The provincial capital and most populous center is the city of Linares.

Geography and Demography

The province is located at the very center of mainland Chile, and its capital lies 303 km south of Santiago and 50 km south of Talca, the regional capital, in the middle of a rich agricultural and wine-growing area. The provincial surface is 10,050 km and the population is 253,990 (2002 Census), of which 127,063 were male and 126,927 were female. The population density is 25.3/km. Forty five percent of the population of the province live in rural areas, as compared with 33% in the Maule Region and 13% in Chile as a whole. This characteristic gives Linares a special cultural and socioeconomic profile among the Chilean provinces.

Climate

Linares has a mild Mediterranean climate. The summers are hot and mainly dry (November to March) with temperatures reaching up to 32 degrees Celsius on the hottest days. The winters (late May to mid September) tend to be rather humid and rainy, with typical maximum daily temperatures of 15 degrees Celsius, and minimum just above freezing. The rainfall is more abundant in the eastern as well as the southern part of the province (Parral), and the effects of this are seen in the good conditions for rice cultivation in the latter area. Irrigation is used to a large extent.

Economy

Thanks to favorable climatic conditions and good natural irrigation, the province of Linares has been able to diversify its agriculture. Also, the wine making industry has been making inroads in both national and international markets. The province's major and more profitable crops include cereals , vegetables , legumes (lentils and beans), fruit , and sugar beets. Several varieties of wine are produced in the province, which is part of the Maule Valley, a sub-region of the viticultural region of the Chilean Central Valley.

Linares produces 74% of the Chilean rice crop, particularly in the area around Parral. The province exports wines, table grapes, kiwi fruit, berries, and several other agricultural products. The city of Linares is an important center of the Chilean sugar-beet industry.

Administration

The provincial governor is Luis Suazo Roca.

Municipalities

Linares province has 8 municipalities (or "comunas"):

Linares (the provincial capital)

San Javier

Villa Alegre

Yerbas Buenas

Colbun

Longavi

Retiro

Parral

Culture

A remarkable number of writers, poets and, in general, intellectuals (see below) have been born in the province of Linares. Among them is Pablo Neruda, the famous poet and Nobel prize-winner, who was born in the city of Parral. Also, the province of Linares is home to some of the best folklore in Chile, and one of its most famous folklorists is Margot Loyola Palacios, noted singer, composer and folklore researcher and erudite. There are many active folklore groups in the province.

Notable people born in the province of Linares

Pablo Neruda, famous poet and Nobel Prize winner, born in Parral, Linares Province

Juan Ignacio Molina (Abate Molina), a Chilean priest and naturalist.

Carlos Ibanez del Campo, Army General and twice the President of Chile;

Arturo Alessandri Palma, politician, statesman and twice the President of Chile

Valentin Letelier, educator, writer and politician

Margot Loyola Palacios, noted folk musician and researcher

Edilberto Domarchi Villagra, writer and poet

Manuel Francisco Mesa Seco, writer and poet

Eduardo Anguita, writer

Ruben Campos Aragon, poet

Max Jara, writer

Jeronimo Lagos Lisboa, writer and poet

Related links

Linares Museum of Arts and Crafts/Museo de Arte y Artesania

Diocese of Linares

Aerial photo 1 from Google Maps

Aerial photo 2 from Google Maps

Aerial photo 3 from Google Maps

Map of Central Chile

http://www.descubrelinares.cl/ (in Spanish)

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Linares Province


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