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Licancabur

Licancabur is a highly symmetrical stratovolcano on the southernmost part of the border between Chile and Bolivia. It is located just southwest of Laguna Verde in Bolivia and northwest of Juriques volcano. The summit crater is about 400 m wide and contains a 70 by 90 m crater lake which is ice-covered most of the year. This is one of the highest lakes in the world, and despite air temperatures which can drop to -30 °C, it contains planktonic fauna.

Licancabur's most recent volcanic activity produced extensive lava flows which extend 6 km down the northwest and southwest flanks, with older lava flows reaching 15 km and pyroclastic flow deposits as far as 12 km from the peak. Extensive Inca ruins are located at the summit, providing proof of pre-Columbian ascents as well as evidence for a lack of major eruptions over the past 500–1,000 years.

Licancabur is a Cunza word that the indigenous people of this area used to refer to themselves as well as to the volcano.

References

  • Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program: Licancabur
  • (in Spanish; also includes volcanoes of Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru)
  • NASA Licancabur Expedition: Exploring the Highest Lakes on Earth
  • The Highest Lakes in the World

External links

Other pages about Mountains of Chile

-Acamarachi -Acotango -Aguas Calientes (volcano) -Aguilera (volcano) -Antillanca Group -Antuco (volcano) -Arintica -Aucanquilcha -Caichinque -Calbuco (volcano) -Callaqui -Cerro Arenales -Cerro Azul (Chile volcano) -Cerro Bayo -Cerro Castillo -Cerro Castillo Dynevor -Cerro Chalten -Cerro El Muerto -Cerro El Plomo -Cerro Escorial -Cerro Maca -Cerro Minchincha -Cerro Miscanti -Cerro Paranal -Cerro Pared Norte -Cerro Solo -Cerro Torre -Cerros de Incahuasi -Chiliques -Copahue -Copiapo (volcano) -Corcovado (volcano) -Cordon Caulle -Cordon del Azufre -Descabezado Grande -Falso Azufre -Guallatiri -Hornopiren (volcano) -Incahuasi -Irruputuncu -Isluga -Juriques -Lanin -Lascar Volcano -Lastarria -Lautaro (volcano) -Licancabur -List of mountains in Chile -Llaima -Llullaillaco -Lonquimay (volcano) -Maipo (volcano) -Marmolejo -Melimoyu -Mentolat -Michinmahuida -Miniques -Mino Volcano -Mocho-Choshuenco -Monte Balmaceda -Monte Burney -Monte San Lorenzo -Monte San Valentin -Mount Darwin (Andes) -Mount Hudson -Mount Tarn -Nevado San Francisco -Nevado Tres Cruces -Nevado de Longavi -Nevados de Chillan -Ojos del Salado -Olca -Ollague -Osorno (volcano) -Palomo -Paniri -Parinacota Volcano -Paruma -Planchon-Peteroa -Pomerape -Pular (volcano) -Puntiagudo-Cordon Cenizos -Putana Volcano -Puyehue (volcano) -Puyuhuapi (volcanic group) -Quetrupillan -Sairecabur -San Jose (volcano) -San Pedro (Chile volcano) -Sierra Nevada de Lagunas Bravas -Sierra Nevada (stratovolcano) -Sierra Velluda -Socompa -Taapaca -Tacora -Tinguiririca (volcano) -Tocorpuri -Tolhuaca (volcano) -Tralcan -Tronador -Tupungatito -Tupungato -Villarrica (volcano) -Yanteles -Yate (volcano) -Zapaleri

Other pages about Volcanoes of Chile

-Acamarachi -Acotango -Aguas Calientes (volcano) -Aguilera (volcano) -Antillanca Group -Antuco (volcano) -Arintica -Aucanquilcha -Caichinque -Calbuco (volcano) -Callaqui -Carran-Los Venados -Cerro Arenales -Cerro Azul (Chile volcano) -Cerro Bayo -Cerro Escorial -Cerro Maca -Cerro Minchincha -Cerro Solo -Chiliques -Copahue -Copiapo (volcano) -Corcovado (volcano) -Cordon Caulle -Cordon del Azufre -Descabezado Grande -Falso Azufre -Guallatiri -Hornopiren (volcano) -Incahuasi -Irruputuncu -Isluga -Juriques -Lanin -Lascar Volcano -Lastarria -Lautaro (volcano) -Licancabur -List of volcanoes in Chile -Llaima -Llullaillaco -Lonquimay (volcano) -Maipo (volcano) -Marmolejo -Melimoyu -Mentolat -Michinmahuida -Miniques -Mino Volcano -Mocho-Choshuenco -Monte Burney -Mount Hudson -Nevado San Francisco -Nevado de Longavi -Nevados de Chillan -Nevados de Payachata -Nevados de Quimsachata -Ojos del Salado -Olca -Ollague -Osorno (volcano) -Pali-Aike Volcanic Field -Palomo -Paniri -Parinacota Volcano -Paruma -Planchon-Peteroa -Pomerape -Pular (volcano) -Puntiagudo-Cordon Cenizos -Purico Complex -Putana Volcano -Puyehue (volcano) -Puyuhuapi (volcanic group) -Quetrupillan -Rano Kau -Sairecabur -San Jose (volcano) -San Pedro (Chile volcano) -Sierra Nevada de Lagunas Bravas -Sierra Nevada (stratovolcano) -Socompa -Taapaca -Tacora -Tinguiririca (volcano) -Tocorpuri -Tolhuaca (volcano) -Tronador -Tupungatito -Tupungato -Villarrica (volcano) -Yanteles -Yate (volcano)

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Licancabur



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