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San Nicolas de los Arroyos


San Nicolas de los Arroyos (usually shortened to San Nicolas) is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the western shore of the Parana River, 61 km from Rosario. It has about 138,000 inhabitants . It is the head town of the partido of the same name. The citizens call it Marias City, because it is claimed that The Virgen Maria appeared several times to one of its citizens and transmitted her messages.

History

San Nicolas de los Arroyos was founded on 14 April 1748 by Rafael de Aguiar, who gave it its name to honour Saint Nicholas of Bari, now patron of the city.

The closeness to the border between Buenos Aires and two other large provinces made the city a natural stage for the struggle between federalist and Unitarians forces in mid-19th century. The agreement between thirteen provinces on 31 May 1852, which ratified the Federal Pact and called for a Constitutional Assembly sponsored by Justo Jose de Urquiza, was signed in this town, and became known as Acuerdo de San Nicolas de los Arroyos.

Geography

The city is located in the north-east of the province of Buenos Aires, 240 km from Buenos Aires City, within the so-called Industrial Corridor that goes from Greater Rosario to La Plata. Its limits are: to the west, Pergamino; to the south, Ramallo; to the east, with the Parana River, which separates it from the province of Entre Rios; and to the north, with the Arroyo del Medio, a small river that separates it from the province of Santa Fe.

Its main accesses are in the north-south axis: the Rosario-Buenos Aires Highway, and the Nuevo Central Argentino railroad.

San Nicolas has an important port on the Parana, able to service large cargo ships. The railway system has passenger and cargo stations, the latter reaching up to the port.

Education

The city has 43 kindergarten institutions, 58 schools of Elementary Education, 28 of High-school level (both public and private), 26 schools for adults and a large number of tertiary studies institutes.

Cultural life

There are many cultural institutions, being the most important the one related to the Teatro Municipal "Rafael de Aguiar", founded on August 10th, 1908 and it is designed as a smaller model of the Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires.

Among the many libraries in the city, the oldest and largest is the Biblioteca Popular "Rafael de Aguiar", founded in 1947 by Juana Couretot de Guella.

Notable natives

Health Minister Gines Gonzalez Garcia [*]

Journalist and short story writer Manuel Peyrou (19021974) [*]

Revolutionary and guerrilla leader Enrique Gorriaran Merlo (19422006)

Members of the folk music band Los Arroyenos [*]

Football player Leo Franco

Former football players Hector Baley, Patricio Hernandez, Ruben Pagnanini, Omar Sivori, Andres Guglielminpietro and Nelson Vivas

References

This article draws material from [[:es:San Nicolas de los Arroyos|the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia]].

Ministry of Education - Acuerdo de San Nicolas.

External links

Municipality of San Nicolas de los Arroyos - Official website.

The Portal of the city

Tourism Official Site

Diario El Norte - Local newspaper

Biblioteca Popular "Rafael de Aguiar" - Public Library

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article San Nicolas de los Arroyos


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