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Lockheed Martin Aircraft Argentina

The Fabrica de Aviones Cordoba or FAC, officially Fabrica de Aviones Cordoba "Brigadier Mayor Juan Ignacio San Martin", is Argentina's main aircraft manufacturer. It is wholly owned by the Argentine government. For most of its existence it was known as Fabrica Militar de Aviones (hence the acronym FMA), until its privatisation in the 1990s.


Formed on October 10, 1927 and on July 18, 1928 ends the construction and testing begins on the track the first domestically produced aircraft: the license built Avro 504 Gosport training aircraft equipped with a 100 HP Gnome engine. It had a speed of 140 kmh with a flying range of 2hours.

The factory is known for producing the first fighter aircraft in Latin America: the Pulqui I (1947) and the Pulqui II (1950) under the direction of engineers Emile Dewoitine (French) and Kurt Tank (German) respectively.

FMA was closed in 1995 and was privatized by the government of Carlos Menem and from 1995 until March 2009 it belonged concession to LMAASA . Under the terms of the privatization agreement LMAASA would operate it for 25 years and could be renewed for two 10 year periods].

During the government of Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner the factory was nationalised in August 2009. The text of the expropriation law provides that "the State shall not return to get rid of a majority stake in the power or decision-making factory."

Aircraft Production

The FMA has produced numerous innovative aircraft prototypes, but the state of the Argentine economy has usually prevented most of them from entering large-scale production. Nevertheless the FMA has managed to put several aircraft types of more conventional designs into full productions. It also engaged in production of licensed aircraft from other countries.

The prefixes used for the aircraft locally developed (and produced) are:

Ae, for "Direccion General de Aerotecnica", on the first period (1927-1936);

F.M.A., for "Fabrica Militar de Aviones", on the second period (1938-1943);

I.Ae., for "Instituto Aerotecnico", on the third period (1943-1952);

IA, meaning not specified, on the fourth (current) period (1952 to 2007).

Aircraft and Projects

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc;"|Year

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc; width:200px; "|Model

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc;"|Built

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc;"|Obs


! colspan=4 style="text-align: center; background: C4CCFC;" |Started as Instituto Aerotecnico

|----- |1928 |Avro 504K "Gosport" |31 |Biplane basic trainer, license-built. First aircraft produced by FMA. |----- |1930 |Dewoitine D.21 |35 |Biplane fighter, license-built. |----- |1931 |Ae.C.1 |1 |Civil tourism aircraft prototype (initial version); basic trainer (later version). First national design. |----- |1932 |Ae C2 / Ae.M.E.1 |2 |Civil tourism aircraft (C2); basic military trainer (M.E.1) |----- |1933 |Ae.T.1 |3 |Transport/commercial aircraft |----- |1934 |Ae.M.O.1 |41 |Observation monoplane |----- |1934 |Ae.M.Oe.1 / Ae.M.Oe.2 |6+14 |Variant of the Ae.M.O.1, observation and training |----- |1934 |Ae.C.3 |16 |Civil aircraft. |----- |1935 |Ae.M.B.1 / Ae.M.B.2 Bombi |1+14 |First bomber aircraft built by FMA |----- |1935 |Ae. M.S.1 |1 |Sanitary aircraft |----- |1936 |Ae.C.3G |1 |Tourism aircraft. |----- |1936 |Ae.C. 4 |1 |Improved prototype version of the C.3G |-----

! colspan=4 style="text-align: center; background: C4CCFC;"|Name changed to Fabrica Militar de Aviones

|----- |1940 |Curtiss "Hawk" 75O |20 |License built version of the US monoplane fighter Curtiss Hawk 75 |----- |1940 |Focke-Wulf Fw-44J "Stieglitz" |190 |License built version of the German biplane trainer Focke-Wulf Fw 44 |----- |1940 |F.M.A. 20 "El Boyero" (I.Ae. 20) |130 |Tourism aircraft, series built by "Industrias Petrolini" |----- |1943 |F.M.A. 21 |1 |Advanced trainer aircraft protorype, based on the North American NA-16-1P fuselage. |----- |1943 |I.Ae. 22 "DL" |206 |Advanced trainer aircraft |----- |1945 |I.Ae. 23 |1 |Basic trainer prototype, based on the Focke-Wulf Fw44J |----- |1945 |I.Ae. 25 Manque |1 |Assault/Transport glider. |----- |1946 |I.Ae. 24 Calquin |100 |Attack/Light bomber |----- |1947 |I.Ae. 27 Pulqui I |1 |Jet fighter prototype, first of its kind built in Latin America. |----- |1947 |I.Ae. 31 Colibri |3 |Two-seat Trainer aircraft |----- |1948 |I.Ae. 30 Nancu |1 |Fighter/Attack prototype |----- |1949 |I.Ae. 32 Chingolo |1 |Tourism/Trainer aircraft |----- |1949 |I.Ae. 34 Clen Antu |3+1+3 |Glider, flying wing. Designed by Reimar Horten, also known as the Horten XVa and XVb |----- |1950 |I.Ae. 33 Pulqui II |5 |First swept-wing jet fighter designed in Latin America |----- |1953 |I.Ae. 35 Huanquero |2+3+20+9(+1+1) |Transport aircraft; variants "Constancia" and "Pandora" executive aircraft. |----- |1953 |I.Ae. 41 Urubu |4 |Flying-wing glider, designed by Reimar Horten, also known as the Horten XVc. |----- |1953 |I.Ae. 43 Pulqui III |0 |Project, swept-wing supersonic jet fighter |----- | |I.Ae. 36 "Condor" |0 |Project unbuilt, civil transport |----- |1954 |I.Ae. 37 |1 |Supersonic delta-wing interceptor, designed by Reimar Horten. Glider, unpowered prototype only. |----- |1960 |I.Ae. 38 Naranjero |1 |Flying-wing transport/cargo, designed by Reimar Horten. |----- |1953 |I.Ae. 44 "DL" II |0 |Advanced trainer |----- |1959 |I.Ae. 45 Querandi |2 |Executive transport, prototypes only |----- |1957 |I.Ae. 46 Ranquel |101+116 |2-seat utility aircraft. Second series, enhanced variant "Super Ranquel". |----- |1960 |IA 35 Guarani I |1 |Approximate date, transport derived from the I.Ae. 35 "Huanquero" |----- |1963 |FMA IA 50 Guarani II |1+2+18+14 |Transport aircraft, derived from the IA 35 Guarani I |----- | |Beechcraft T-34 Mentor |75 |Trainer, licence built |----- |1960 |Morane-Saulnier MS-760 Paris |48 |Trainer, licence built |----- |1975 |FMA IA 58 Pucara |120 |Counter-insurgency/light attack aircraft |----- |1990 |Embraer/FMA CBA 123 Vector |2 |Turboprop 19-passenger regional airliner, only protptypes built before being cancelled |----- | |FMA SAIA 90 | |Supersonic air superiority jet fighter project, unbuilt (mid-1980s) |----- |1984 |FMA IA 63 Pampa |20+12 |Advanced trainer. AT-63 currently under production |-----

! colspan=4 style="text-align: center; background: C4CCFC;"|Name changed to Lockheed Martin Aircraft Argentina SA

|----- |1999 |A-4AR Fightinghawk |18 |other 18 by Lockheed Martin in Pasadena, CA. |----- |2003 |T-34 Mentor | |Refurbished of Argentine and Bolivia Air Forces |----- |2006 |C-130 Hercules | |Refurbished of Argentine and Colombian Air Forces


Further reading

FABRICA MILITAR DE AVIONES: CRONICAS Y TESTIMONIOS, retrieved 2010-01-18 (PDF file available for download). Published in 2007 by Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia de la Provincia de Cordoba, Argentina (''Cordoba's Province Science and Technology Ministry'')

External links


FMA history


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