Lima (known in Spanish as Cercado de Lima) is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. It is where the downtown zone of Lima, the country's capital city, is located.
This district is the oldest in Lima and as such, vestiges of the city's colonial era remain today in the Historic centre of Lima, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988.
Currently, the mayor (alcalde) of the Lima District is Luis Castaneda Lossio and its postal code is 1.
The district has a total land area of 21.98 km. Its administrative center is located at 154 meters above sea level.
North: The Rimac River marks the district's border with the San Martin de Porres and Rimac districts.
East: El Agustino
South: La Victoria, Lince, Jesus Maria, Brena and Pueblo Libre.
West: San Miguel District; and the Callao Region districts of Bellavista, Callao and Carmen de la Legua Reynoso.
According to a 2005 estimate by the INEI, the district has 278,804 inhabitants and a population density of 15,736.9 persons/km. In 1999, there were 75,595 households in the district.
Downtown (known as Cercado proper) is limited by Avenida Alfonso Ugarte on the west and Jiron Huanuco (Huanuco Street) on the east. It is divided into West and East sides by Jiron de la Union (Union Street), from which cuadras (blocks) are numbered beginning at 100 and changing the first numbers at the next block. Unlike New York's Fifth Avenue, though, Jiron de la Union is not paved for cars, but almost entirely a shopping and pedestrian street; the main thoroughfares for cars and buses are Tacna Ave. on the West side and Abancay Ave. on the East. Both are separated from Jiron de la Union by 4 blocks. The Plaza de Armas (Grand Army Plaza), which is the main square, is located on block 2 of Jiron de la Union, facing the Peruvian government palace and the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima (City Hall).
East of downtown is the Barrios Altos (Uptown) neighborhood. Here the oldest, though least stable, buildings in Downtown Lima are located. Two cemeteries, El Angel and Presbitero Maestro, form the eastern border with El Agustino. Parts of the long-demolished colonial city walls can be seen here.
South of the West Side is Santa Beatriz section, which contains residential buildings and the Parque de la Reserva, Lima's modest answer to Central Park. Santa Beatriz is locally famous for containing the buildings for the state TV network TNP (Ch. 7), and the top two private TV networks, America Television (Ch. 4) and Panamericana Television (Ch. 5). Its main thoroughfare is Arequipa Avenue, a narrow boulevard lined with trees of all sizes. Santa Beatriz is also home to the city (and country)'s main soccer stadium, the Estadio Nacional (National Stadium).
West of downtown is the Industrial Area, an industrial belt extending into neighboring Callao Region, and home to the main industries in both city and country. Most of the area is covered by large blocks containing large factories.
At its northern and southern edges, there are clusters of residential areas, particularly in the southern zone bordering Pueblo Libre, San Miguel and Callao Region's Bellavista District.
Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima - Metropolitan Lima Municipal Council official website
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Lima District