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List of rivers of Ecuador


The rivers of Ecuador are an important part of the nation's geography and economy. Most of the over 2,000 rivers and streams have headwaters in the Andes mountain range, flowing therefrom either westward toward the Pacific Ocean or eastward toward the Amazon River. Narrow in the highlands, the majority of the rivers broaden as they reach the lower elevations of the Coast and Oriente. During the rainy season, which lasts from January to April, the rivers that drain into the Pacific flood and often cause damage.

Geography

The two main water systems are the Esmeraldas River in the North and the Guayas in the South.

The Esmeraldas begins as the Guayllabamba River in the Sierra, flowing west before emptying in the Pacific near the city of Esmeraldas.

The Guayas forms to the north of Guayaquil, where the Daule and the Babahoyo Rivers converge. The Babahayo arises from its tributaries in the Andes. The Guayas basin covers 40,000 square kilometers.

The most important rivers in the Oriente are the Pastaza, Napo, and Putumayo. The Pastaza includes the Agoyan Waterfall, Ecuador's highest.

Economy

Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the indigenous people of Ecuador used the rivers for fishing and transportation, although frequent waterfalls limited canoe travel in the Andes. The rivers long continued to be an important means of transportation, especially as the mountains made road and railroad building difficult.

Since the 20th century, rivers have become an important source of electric power in Ecuador. As of 2006, hydroelectric dams have a capacity 1,750 megawatts. Some critics have noted that these projects have tended to be "substantially oversized" without "delivering the promised energy benefits." In 2008, President Rafael Correa announced that the government planned to build eleven new hydroelectric power plants. Almost all of the dam projects face opposition from local communities that fear negative environmental impacts on the land and a lack of transparency in decision-making.

Recreational rafting on the rivers has become an important part of Ecuador's tourism-based economy.

Rivers

This listing is arranged by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name.

Atlantic Ocean

Amazon River

* Putumayo River

** San Miguel River

* Napo River

** Curaray River

*** Cononaco River

** Aguarico River

*** Cuyabeno River

** Yasuni River

** Tiputini River

** Coca River

** Payamino River

*Maranon River (Peru)

** Tigre River

*** Corrientes River

*** Conambo River

*** Pintoyacu River or Pindoyacu

** Pastaza River

*** Huasaga River

*** Bobonaza River

*** Palora River

*** Chambo River

*** Ambato River

**** Cutuchi River

*** Cebadas River

** Morona River

*** Cangaime River

**** Macuma River

** Santiago River

*** Yaapi River

*** Upano River

**** Paute River

***** Matadero River or Cuenca

****** Machangara River

****** Tomebamba River

****** Tarqui River

****** Yanuncay River

*** Zamora River

** Chinchipe River

Pacific Ocean

Mira River

* San Juan River

** Carchi River

* Chota River

Cayapas River

* Santiago River

* Onzole River

Muisne River

Cojimies River

Esmeraldas River

* Guayllabamba River

** Machangara River

* Blanco River

** Toachi River

* Quininde River

Jama River

Chone River

* Carrizal River

Portoviejo River

Jipijapa River

Guayas River

* Taura River

* Daule River

** Pula River

** Magro River or Pedro Carbo

** Colimes River

*** Boqueron River

** Puca River

** Congo River

* Babahoyo River

** Yaguachi River

*** Milagro River

*** Chimbo River

*** Chanchan River

** Vinces River

*** Palenque River

** Catarama River

*** Zapotal River

** San Pablo River

Canar River

Balao River

Jubones River

Arenillas River

Zarumilla River

Tumbes River

* Puyango River

Chira River

* Catamayo River

** Calvas River

References

Rand McNally, The New International Atlas, 1993.

GEOnet Names Server

Water Resources Assessment of Ecuador

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article List of rivers of Ecuador


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