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Vicente Huidobro


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Vicente Garcia-Huidobro Fernandez was a Chilean poet born to an aristocratic family. He was an exponent of the artistic movement called Creacionismo ("Creationism"), which held that a poet should bring life to the things he or she writes about, rather than just describe them.

Huidobro was born into a wealthy family in Santiago. After spending his first years in Europe, he enrolled in a Jesuit secondary school in Santiago where he was expelled for using a ring, which he claimed, was for marriage. He studied literature at the University of Chile and published Ecos del alma (''Soul's Echoes) in 1911, a work with modernist tendencies. The following year he married, and started to edit the journal Musa Joven(Young Muse), where part of his later book, Canciones en la noche(Songs in the Night) appeared, as well as his first calligram, "Triangulo armonico" ("Harmonic Triangle").

In 1916 he moved to Europe with his wife and children. While in Madrid, he met Rafael Cansinos-Assens, with whom he had exchanged letters since 1914. He settled in Paris and published Adan(Adam''), a work that began his next phase of artistic development. Huidobro met and mixed with most of the Parisian avant garde of this period: Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, Jacques Lipchitz, Francis Picabia, Joan Miro, Max Ernst, Paul Eluard and Blaise Cendrars.

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