Ugni is a genus of about 10 species of plants in the myrtle family Myrtaceae, native to western South America and Central America from the Valdivian temperate rain forests of southern Chile north to southern Mexico, and also the Juan Fernandez Islands off Chile. They are shrubs with evergreen foliage, reaching 1-5 m tall. The leaves are opposite, oval, 1-4 cm long and 0.2-2.5 cm broad, entire, glossy dark green, with a spicy scent if crushed. The flowers are drooping, 1-2 cm diameter with four or five white or pale pink petals and numerous short stamens; the fruit is a small red or purple berry 1 cm diameter.
The scientific name derives from the Mapuche Native American name Uni for U. molinae. The genus was formerly often included in either Myrtus or Eugenia; it is distinguished from these by the drooping flowers with stamens shorter than the petals
Ugni molinae is grown as an ornamental plant for its edible, strawberry-flavoured berries. Some commercial "strawberry flavouring" is made from this species, not from strawberries.
Ugni molinae in Encyclopedia of the Chilean Flora
Ugni molinae at ChileBosque
Flora of Chile: Ugni
Trees and shrubs of Ecuador: Ugni
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