.

MundoAndino Home : Chile Guide at Mundo Andino

Liberalism and radicalism in Chile


This article gives an overview of liberal and radical parties in Chile. It is limited to liberal and radical parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign means a reference to another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.

Introduction

Liberalism was organized as the traditional opposition to conservatism in Chile. In the 1860s radical liberals formed the radical current. Traditional liberalism disappeared in the 1960s into conservatism and radicalism developed into social democracy, leaving liberalism unrepresented. Originally the Social Democrat Radical Party was a left of center liberal party, but nowadays it is a social democratic party.

The timeline

Liberal Party

1846: The Liberal Party (Partido Liberal) is formed

1861: A vehemtly anticlericalist faction formed the Radical Party

1876: A faction supporting the presidential candidacy of Benjamin Vicuna Mackenna formed the Liberal Democratic Party, but returns to the Liberal Party after Vicuna ends his candidacy

1885: An anti-government faction formed the Independent Liberal Party

1891: The faction supporting President Balmaceda in the 1891 civil war formed a second Liberal Democratic Party.

1920: Dissidents seceded as the Unionist Liberal

1931: Another faction formed the United Liberal Party

1933: The Liberal Democratic Party and the Independent Liberal Party merged into the Liberal Party

1966: The party merged into the new National Party (Partido Nacional)

Radical Party

1863: A radical faction of the Liberal Party formed the Radical Party (Partido Radical)

1887: The more leftist Democratic Party seceded from the party

1946: A moderate faction formed the Radical Democratic Party

1949: The Radical Democrat Party rejoined the party

1969: In reaction to left-wing tendencies an anti-Communist faction seceded as Radical Democracy

1971: A moderate faction of the party formed the Left Radical Party

1994: The party, who was unable to garner a significant amount of votes in the parliamentary elections, joins the Social Democrat Party of Chile and forms the Social Democrat Radical Party (Partido Radical Social Democrata)

Liberal Democratic Party (1876)

1876: The faction of the Liberal Party led by Benjamin Vicuna Mackenna formed the Liberal Democratic Party (Partido Liberal Democratico), but rejoins the Liberal Party that same year

Independent Liberal Party

1885: An anti-government faction of the Liberal Party formed the Independent Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Doctrinario)

1933: The party rejoined the Liberal Party

Liberal Democratic Party (1892)

1891: The faction of the Liberal Party that supported President Jose Manuel Balmaceda in the 1891 civil war formed the Liberal Democratic Party (Partido Liberal Democratico)

1933: The party rejoined the Liberal Party

Unionist Liberal

1920: Dissidents from the Liberal Party formed the Unionist Liberal (Liberal Unionista)

1927: The party didn't survive the 1927 dictatorship of Carlos Ibanez.

United Liberal Party

1931: A faction of the Liberal Party formed the United Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Unido)

1933: The party rejoined the Liberal Party

Radical Democratic Party

1946: A moderate faction of the Radical Party formed the Radical Democratic Party (Partido Radical Democratico)

1949: The Radical Democratic Party rejoined the Radical Party

Radical Democracy

1969: In reaction to growingly leftist tendencies in the Radical Party a moderate, anti-Communist faction seceded as Radical Democracy (Democracia Radical)

1973: The party opposed Salvador Allende and voluntarily dissolved itself after the 1973 coup.

Left Radical Party

1971: A moderate faction of the Radical Party formed the Left Radical Party (Partido Izquierda Radical)

1973: The party didn't survive the 1973 dictatorship

Liberal leaders

Arturo Alessandri Palma

See also

History of Chile

Politics of Chile

List of political parties in Chile

Didn't find what you were looking for.
Need more information for your travel research or homework?
Ask your questions at the forum about Politics of Chile or help others to find answers.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Liberalism and radicalism in Chile


Disclaimer - Privacy Policy - 2009