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Brownish Elaenia


The Brownish Elaenia (Elaenia pelzelni) is a species of bird in the Tyrannidae family, the tyrant flycatchers.

It is found along the Amazon Basin rivers of Brazil; also northern Peru and the adjacent border of Colombia; also Bolivia. The rivers are the Xingu, Iriri, Madeira, and Jurua of Brazil, and the Maranon of Peru.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

River corridor range

The Brownish Elaenia is found in the central Amazon Basin, along the Amazon River, in contiguous river corridors, about 125 km wide. Downstream in the east, the bird's range starts at the confluence of the Xingu River in the south of Para state, North Region, Brazil; it ranges upstream on the Xingu for 700 km, then a tributary to the west of the Xingu, the Rio Iriri, for another 700 km.

The next upstream tributary for the bird's range, is the Madeira River in the Amazon Basin's southwest, Amazonas state. The range proceeds 2400 km upstream into the headwaters of the Madeira in northern Bolivia. To the west the Brownish Elaenia's range continues as the Amazon River becomes the Maranon River and proceeds to the headwaters in northern Peru; this is also along the Amazonas, Brazil-Colombia border, of about 200 km. One further tributary is home to the Brownish Elaenia, a tributary, the Jurua River from the Amazon River to the southwest, of about 950 km.

References

BirdLife International 2004. Elaenia pelzelni. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 25 July 2007.

External links

State Maps with Rivers: Amazonas; Para

Brownish Elaenia photo gallery VIREO

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Brownish Elaenia


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