Las Aves Archipelago
The Las Aves Archipelago
is a pristine archipelago in the Caribbean Sea, and is part of the Federal Dependencies of Venezuela. It is located north of the Venezuelan states of Aragua and Carabobo, between the Dutch island Bonaire in the west, and the Los Roques Archipelago in the east, at . The prime economic importance of the islands lies in fishing. "Las Aves" translates to "The Birds" in English.
The archipelago consists of two atoll-like reef complexes:
Aves de Barlovento, the eastern group, with a fringing reef of 8 km of diameter and with three cays in the southwest
*Isla Aves de Barlovento
*Cayo de Las Bobas
Aves de Sotavento, the western group, with Isla Maceta, a large mangrove-covered cay in the south.
*Isla Aves de Sotavento
*Cayos de La Colonia
In total, there are 21 islets and islands in both groups. The archipelago is not to be confused with Aves Island, which is the most remote island claimed by Venezuela, far to the north.
Las Aves was the site of a major Dutch victory over the French in 1678, when a French fleet commanded by Admiral Jean d'Estrees on its way to capture the nearby Dutch island Curacao was decoyed onto the reefs of Aves de Sotovento by a small force of three Dutch ships. When D'Estrees' ship hit the reef, he fired cannons as a warning to the ships behind. However, they interpreted the signal to mean that he was under attack so they came rushing to his aid - and likewise struck the reefs.
The entire French fleet of 13 ships was lost as a result of the Admiral's eagerness to fight. The survivors found no fresh water on Las Aves. They tried to survive on barrels of wine and salted meat that washed up ashore. But these supplies ran out and eventually they perished. The Admiral was one of the few to be rescued. On Curacao, a Day of Thanksgiving was observed until far into the 18th century to commemorate the island's fortunate escape from being ravaged by the French.
Las Aves was considered by the Dutch to belong to their West-Indian possessions and the author M.D. Teenstra in "The Dutch West Indies" still writes: The Government of Curacao also includes the uninhabited islets and rocks Little Curacao, Aves, Roques and Orchilla.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Las Aves Archipelago