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Demographics of Venezula

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Venezuela, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The Demographics of Venezuela are the condition and overview of Venezuela's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations.

Most of Venezuela's people are descended in part from forebearers of Europeans, indigenous Venezuelan Amerindians, and Africans transported as slaves..

The Venezuelan people comprise a combination of heritages. The historically present Amerindians, Spanish colonists and African have all contributed to varying degrees. Later, waves of European groups migrated to Venezuela in the XX century, enriching the South American culture and imprinting multicultural influences that are nevertheless evident in many aspects of Venezuelan life, including its culture, language, food, and music.

According to most sources, about half of the population is of racially mixed origin; mestizos (European/Amerindian), mulattos (European/black African) and zambos (Amerindian/Black African). Around one-fifth is said to be White European and one-tenth black African. The remaining Amerindian population is statistically small. Two Amerindian tribes located in the country are the Wayuu, located in the west, in Zulia, and the Timotocuicas, also in the west, in Merida, in the Andes.

Other ethnic groups include relatively small numbers of east Asian (mostly Chinese and Japanese), South Asian (east Indians and Pakistanis), and Middle Eastern nationalities, also arrived in later decades of the 20th century to Venezuela.

About 85% of the population live in urban areas in the northern portion of the country and currently resides in the urban conglomerations that are concentrated in Venezuela's northern coastal mountain strip. Nearly half of Venezuela's geographic area lies south of the Orinoco River; however, this region contains only 5% of the Venezuelan population.


The July 2005 the CIA World Factbook estimate puts Venezuela's total population at 25,375,281 inhabitants. It should be noted that many Venezuelan government officials, statisticians, and activists consider this a gross underestimate. Notably, the 2005 INE estimate is 26,577,423 inhabitants. Additionally, over the past five years, Venezuelan society's general age structure has been trending towards the homologous structure found in Cuba, Western Europe, Japan, and other healthy and rapidly aging societies. Notably, there has been a significant increase in the proportion and gross numbers of elderly Venezuelans (aged 65 and up), as well as a corresponding drop in the total fertility

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Total population

According to the Venezuelan National Institute of Statistics, It has a population of 26,414,816 inhabitants by 2008.


Life expectancy at birth

Population growth rate

1.38% (2006 estimate).

Birth and death rates

18.71 births per 1,000 population (2006 estimate).

4.92 deaths per 1,000 population (2006 estimate).

Total fertility rate

2.23 children born per woman (2006 estimate).

Infant mortality rate

21.54 deaths per 1,000 live births (2006 estimate).

Age structure

Sex ratio

Net emigration rate

Net emigration rate is zero (2006 estimate) according to the CIA world fact book.

Literacy and education

The accepted formal and demographic definition of the literacy rate is that proportion or percentage of the Venezuelan population older than age 15 that can both read and write. The below are 2006 estimates from the INE.

Ethnic affiliation

According to the CIA's World FactBook, Venezuela's main ethnic affiliations are Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German, Arab, African and indigenous people.

Religious affiliation

The overwhelming majority of Venezuelans denote themselves as adherents of Catholicism; this is true nominally if not in practice.

Others include Islam, Judaism, Buddhism and Orthodox Christianity.

Alternatively, according to government estimates, 92 percent of the population is at least nominally Roman Catholic, and the remaining 8 percent Protestant, a member of another religion, or atheist. The Venezuelan Evangelical Council estimates that Evangelical Protestants constitute 10 percent of the population. International Religious Freedom Report 2008: Venezuela. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor . This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.


Acosta, Maruja. "Urbanizacion y clases sociales en Venezuela." Revista Interamericana de Planificacion Bogota , 7, No. 26, June 1973, 22-44.

The article contains a statistical reference from the Wikipedia public domain Mestizos (2006).

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Demographics of Venezula

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