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Foreign relations of Peru


Peru has been a member of the United Nations since 1949, and Peruvian Javier Perez de Cuellar served as UN Secretary General from 1981 to 1991. Former President Fujimoris tainted re-election to a third term in June 2000 strained Peru's relations with the United States and with many Latin American and European countries, but relations improved with the installation of an interim government in November 2000 and the inauguration of Alejandro Toledo in July 2001 after free and fair elections. Peru is planning full integration into the Andean Free Trade Area. In addition, Peru is a standing member of APEC and the World Trade Organization, and is an active participant in negotiations toward a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).

South America

Argentina

Brazil

Bolivia

Chile

In November 1999, Peru and Chile signed three agreements which put to rest the remaining obstacles holding up implementation of the 1929 Treaty of Lima, which officially ended the 1879 War of the Pacific. In December 1999, President Alberto Fujimori made the first visit ever to Chile by a Peruvian head of state.

Relations between the two nations have since mostly recovered. In 2005, the Peruvian Congress unilaterally approved a law which increased the stated sea limit with Chile. This law superseded the Peruvian supreme decree 781 for same purpose from 1947, which had autolimited its maritime border to geographical parallels only. Peru's position was that the border has never been fully demarcated, but Chile disagreed reminding on treaties in 1952 and 1954 between the countries, which supposedly defined seaborder. The border problem has still not been solved. However, Chile's Michelle Bachelet and Peru's Alan Garcia have established a positive diplomatic relationship, and it is very unlikely any hostilities will break out because of the dispute.

Nevertheless, in early April 2007, Peruvian nationalistic sectors, mainly represented by left wing ex-presidential candidate Ollanta Humala decided to congregate at 'hito uno' right at the border with Chile, in a symbolic attempt to claim sovereignty over a maritime area known in Peru as Mar de Grau (Grau's Sea) just west of the Chilean city of Arica. Peruvian police stopped a group of nearly 2,000 people just 10 km from the border, preventing them from reaching their intended destination. Despite these incidents, the presidents of both Chile and Peru have confirmed their intentions to improve the relationships between the two countries, mainly fueled by the huge amount of commercial exchange between both countries' private sectors.

Colombia

Ecuador

In October 1998, Peru and Ecuador signed a peace accord which definitively resolved border differences which had, over the years, resulted in armed conflict. Peru and Ecuador are now jointly coordinating an internationally sponsored border integration project. The United States Government, as one of four guarantor states, was actively involved in facilitating the 1998 peace accord between Peru and Ecuador and remains committed to its implementation. The United States has pledged $40 million to the Peru-Ecuador border integration project and another $4 million to support Peruvian and Ecuadorian demining efforts along their common border.

In November 2009, Peru made a deal with Ecuador in which Peru would export between 40 and 50 megawatts of electricity until April of 2010 in order to help Ecuador with its energy crisis. Rafael Correa, Ecuador's president, expressed his gratitude to Peru for its generous aid during Ecuador's crisis.

Paraguay

Paraguay has an embassy in Lima.

Peru has an embassy in Asuncion.

Both countries are full members of the Rio Group, of the Latin Union, of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, of the Organization of American States, of the Organization of Ibero-American States and of the Union of South American Nations.

Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Relations about the relation with Paraguay (in Spanish only)

Uruguay

Peru has an embassy in Montevideo.

Uruguay has an embassy in Lima and an honorary consulate in Arequipa.

Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Relations about relations with Uruguay (in Spanish only)

Rest of World

Australia

Australia is represented in Peru through its embassy in Santiago (Chile) and an honorary general consulate in Lima.

Peru has an embassy in Canberra and a general consulate in Sydney.

Canada

Canada has an embassy in Lima.

Peru has an embassy in Ottawa and 3 general consulates .

Both countries are full members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, of the Cairns Group and of the Organization of American States.

The Canadian government announced in February 2009 that it was adding Peru to its list of preferred countries to receive foreign aid. This list includes 18 countries and the West Bank and Caribbean.

Israel

IsraelPeru relations

Israel has an embassy in Lima.

Peru has an embassy in Tel Aviv.

Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Relations about relations with Israel (in Spanish only)

Israel and Peru share a warm relationship and are great allies. Peru's embassy in Israel is the only diplomatic office Peru has in the entire Middle East.

United States

The U.S. maintains an embassy in Lima, Peru. There is a U.S. Consular Agency in Cuzco, and the USAID building is located in Lima.

Illicit drugs

Until recently the world's largest coca leaf producer, Peru has reduced the area of coca under cultivation by 24% to 387 km at the end of 1999; most of cocaine base is shipped to neighboring Colombia, Bolivia, and Brazil for processing into cocaine for the international drug market, but exports of finished cocaine are increasing by maritime conveyance to Mexico, US, and Europe.

See also

List of diplomatic missions in Peru

List of diplomatic missions of Peru

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Foreign relations of Peru


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