The Cruces River is a river near Valdivia, Chile. Rio Cruces originates from hills near Villarica volcano and flows then in south-west direction. The southern and final part of the river follows the Valdivian Coastal Range. At the latitude of Valdivia it is crossed by Rio Cruces Bridge near its outflow into Valdivia River. The small village of Punucapa is the main centre for tourism in Rio Cruces. The river flow through (or near) the cities of Loncoche, Lanco, and Mariquina. Some of the wetlands in the river's lower flow are inside Carlos Anwandter Nature Sanctuary, a protected area that in the river that extends roughly from Punucapa in the south to San Luis de Alba Fort in the north.
Since pre-Hispanic times the river has been used by the Indians to transport food for commerce. In its early days the city of Valdivia received vegetables from villages via the Cruces River. Before Valdivia became isolated from the rest of the Spanish Empire due to the Arauco War, its main land route (Camino Real in Spanish) to Concepcion was drawn following the Cruces river. The river is home to thousands of birds that live in its wetlands. The wetlands were created when the soil that surrounded the river sunk during the Great Chilean Earthquake. The wetlands The most known bird of the place is the Black-necked Swan. In 2004 a CELCO pulp mill opened near San Jose de la Mariquina, and begun to contaminate the wetlands of the river.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Cruces River