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Acre River


The Acre River is a long river in central South America. The river is born in Peru, and runs North-Eastwards, forming part of the border between Bolivia and Brazil. It runs through the Brazilian states of Acre and Amazonas before eventually running into the Purus River. It boards on the Bolivian frontier and flows Easter and North to a junction with the Purus at 8 45' South latitude. The name is also applied to a district situated on the same river and on the former boundary line of 1867, between Bolivia and Brazil. This region's area is estimated at about .

It is navigable from the mouth until the Xapuri River , even farther in the wet season from January until May. The river was an important transportation artery at the end of the 19th Century due to newly discovered rubber tree forests.

History

The region was settled by Peruvians between 1870 and 1878, but was invaded by Brazilian rubber collectors during the next decade (during the 'Rubber Boom') and became tributary to the rubber markets of Iquitos,Peru, Manaus and Para. In 1899, the Bolivian government established a custom-house at Puerto Alonso, on the Acre river, for the collection of export duties on rubber, which precipitated a conflict with the Brazilian settlers (and peruvian inhabitants), and finally brought about a boundary dispute between the two republics . In July 1899 the "Acreanos" declared their independence and set up a republic of their own, but in the following March they were reduced to submission by Brazil. Various disorders followed until Brazil decided to occupy Puerto Alonso with a military force. The boundary dispute was finally settled at Petropolis on November 17, 1903, through the purchase by Brazil of the rubber-producing territory, south to about the ninth parallel (and paying Bolivia instead of paying Peru).

Resources

Aquiry abounds in valuable rubber forests.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Acre River


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