8th Chess Olympiad
The 8th Chess Olympiad, organized by the Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) and comprising an open and women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between August 24 and September 191939 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The finals began on September 1st, the day of the outbreak of World War II. This has done much confusion to most European teams. Some players withdrew from the competition, including three members of English team because of which England left the competition immediately. Most of delegates thought the Olympiad should be abolished. However the hosts were very pushy about continuing the event and the assembly of team captains, Alexander Alekhine (FRA), Savielly Tartakower (POL) and Albert Becker (GER),Gawlikowski, Stanislaw (1978). Olimpiady szachowe 1924 - 1974, Warszawa: Wyd. Sport i Turystyka. decided to go on with the Olympiad. Poland-Germany and France-Germany were set 2-2 by default since these were with in the state of war with each other. German officials pressed the Czechs to abolish their matches with Poland and France since formally Czechoslovakia, or Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia as they were referred to, were part of Germany and the Germans finally succeeded. Palestine announced boycott of the Germans and refused to play them. Unfortunately bighead Germans did not want to accept this solution since they counted on easy win over Palestine and explicitly stated nothing else than 4-0 would satisfy them. The negotiations were in deadlock. Fortunately for all the Argentinians, one of favourites for a win offered their match vs Palestine to be halved by default, same as Palestine-Germany clash, what had been accepted by everyone as an act of generous compensation for the Germans. We had then a total of 6 matches and 24 games set by default and one team (ENG) missing the finals.
The final results were as follows:
The prizes for best individual results (only results from finals counted for best individual scores) went to Jose Raul Capablanca (Cuba), Heinz Foerder (Palestine/Israel) and Miguel Najdorf (Poland), Ludwig Engels (Germany), Gunnar Friedemann (Estonia), and Isaias Pleci (Argentina), from board 1 to 5 respectively.
The prizes for best individual results in Final B (officialy recognized as Copa Argentina) went to Ernst Rojahn (Norway), Daniel Yanofsky (Canada), Jon Gudmundsson (Iceland), Mikhail Kantardzhiev (Bulgaria) and Gudmundur Arnlaugsson (Iceland), from board 1 to 5 respectively.
Women's World Chess Championship
The 7th Women's World Chess Championship took place during the Olympiad. The final results were as follows:,,
In September 1939, when World War II broke out, many participants of the 8th Chess Olympiad had decided to stay permanently in Argentina. List of players who remained in Argentina in 1939 (notes in Spanish)
8th Chess Olympiad: Buenos Aires 1939 OlimpBase
1st unofficial Chess Olympiad (Paris 1924)2nd unofficial Chess Olympiad (Budapest 1926)3rd unofficial Chess Olympiad (Munich 1936)
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