Military of Peru
The Peruvian Armed Forces are the military services of Peru. They are composed of an Army, a Navy and an Air Force. Their primary mission is to safeguard the country's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity against any threat. As a secondary mission they participate in economic and social development as well as in civil defense tasks.Ministerio de Defensa, Libro Blanco de la Defensa Nacional. Ministerio de Defensa, 2005, 90.
Headquartered in Lima, it has a strength of 75 thousand troops divided in four military regions with headquarters in Piura, Lima, Arequipa and Iquitos. Every military region assigned several brigades of which there are different types, including infantry, cavalry and armored. There are also several groups and battalions which operate independently.
The equipment of the Peruvian Army includes several types of tanks (T-55 and AMX-13), armoured personnel carriers , artillery , antiaircraft systems (ZSU-23-4 Shilka) and helicopters .
Peruvian Navy (Marina de Guerra del Peru) is organized in five naval zones headquartered in Piura, Lima, Arequipa, Iquitos and Pucallpa. It has a strength of around 25 thousand troops divided between the Pacific Operations and the Amazon Operations General Commands and the Coast Guard.
The Pacific fleet flagship is the cruiser BAP Almirante Grau (CLM-81), named for the XIX-century Peruvian Admiral which fought in the War of the Pacific (1879-1883). The fleet also includes 8 Lupo class frigates (two built in Peru), 6 PR-72P class corvettes, 4 Terrebonne Parish class landing ships, 2 Type 209/1100 and 4 Type 209/1200 class German-built diesel submarines (the biggest submarine force in South America), as well as patrol vessels, tankers and cargo ships. Peruvian Navy has also a naval aviation force, several naval infantry battalions and special forces units.
On May 20, 1929, the aviation divisions of the Peruvian army and navy were merged into the Peruvian Aviation Corps . In 1950, the corps was reorganized again and became the Peruvian Air Force .
The Peruvian Air Force is divided into 6 wing areas, headquartered in Piura, Chiclayo, Lima, Arequipa, Rioja and Iquitos. With a strength of 35 thousand troops, the FAP counts in its arsenal with MiG-29 (tactical fighter) and Mirage 2000 (interdictor / multirole aircraft).
It also has Su-25 close-support aircraft, as well as Mi-25 attack helicopters, Mi-17 transport helicopters, and Aermacchi MB-339, Cessna A-37B and Embraer EMB-312 Tucano subsonic aircraft.
In 1995, the FAP took part in the Cenepa War against Ecuador covering operations by the army and navy. After the war, the FAP began acquiring new material, especially MiG-29 fighters and Su-25 attack fighters which are, along with the Mirage 2000 fighters, the main combat elements of the FAP.
Ministry of Defence
Official Army Website
Official Air Force Website
Official Navy Website
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Military of Peru