Venezuelan National Militia
The Venezuelan National Militia is a component of the Military of Venezuela
It is the most ancient defense force of the nation, the first source that can be found is in the indigenous resistance groups during the XVI, XVII and XVIII century, they fought against the Spanish colonial domination. However, on July 13, 1797, two militiamen, Manuel Gual and Jose Maria Espana, rebelled against Spain. The conspiracy of Gual and Espana with the participation of all classes of colonial society, was the first movement with popular roots. Then in the first half of the nineteenth century, groups of peasants joined the libertarian cause, becoming auxiliaries trained in the Liberation Army by soldiers and officers moderately or highly trained academically. Already in the second half of the nineteenth century, the militias appeared, usually Montoneros groups that united with local warlords in the provinces, and surroundings for their protection, this was regulated by militia laws. It took about 100 years to return to the figure of the Reserves, as autonomous and auxiliary forces of the remaining components.
The General Command of the National Militia is divided in two parts:
1. The National Reserve, consisting of all Venezuelan citizens who are not in active military service, or have completed military service, or who voluntarily join the reserve units.
2. The Territorial Guard, consisting of all Venezuelan citizens who voluntarily serve to organize local resistance to any external aggression.
At the moment the General Command of the National Militia, is organized on the basis of nine (09) Reserve groupings, present throughout the national territory, and a dozen of Special Resistance Corps (grouped around workers contingents of enterprises and national institutions). It is an autonomous and auxiliary force for the remaining branches of the FAN. It can be estimated at the present time about 400,000 men and women are on various training levels, but the target of its authorities is to reach 1,100,000. The Commander of the National Militia is Major General Felix Antonio Velasquez.
Sitio oficial de la Milicia Nacional de Venezuela
Sitio oficial del Ministerio del Poder Popular para Defensa de Venezuela
Sitio no oficial de la Fuerza Armada de Venezuela
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Venezuelan National Militia