Venezuelan Marine Corps
The Venezuelan Marine Corps are known as the Marine Infantry (Division de Infanteria de Marina General Simon Bolivar) and is part of the Venezuelan Navy.
The Venezuelan Marines trace their history back to the combined marines corps of Gran Colombia which was formed in 1822 and was dissolved in 1829 following Venezuela's secession from Gran Colombia. This was surprising as the Marine Corps of the Confederation largely consisted of Venezuelans. The Venezuelan marines were formed at Puerto Cabello on 1 July 1938 when a company was formed to provide ships detachments. A second company was formed on 8 December 1939 and a third in 1943. They were then merged into the Naval Infantry Battalion (Batallone de Infanteria de Marina -BIM) Simon Bolivar, headquartered at Puerto Cabello, on 11 December 1945. This is looked upon as the official anniversary of the marines. In February 1946 a second BIM General Rafael Urdaneta was raised at Puerto Cabello and the original BIM became the 1st battalion and was then moved to Marquetia. Marine headquarters was then located in Caracas. The third Battalion Mariscal Jose Antonio de Sucre was then formed in 1958 at Carupano. In the late 1970s the Amphibious Assault Company, equipped with LVTP-7 and the the Marine Anti-Aircraft Artillery Company, equipped with M-42 Dusters, were raised. The 4th Battalion General Francisco de Mirandawas formed in the early 1980s and initially consisted of the Amphibious Assault Company and the Marine Anti-Aircraft Artillery Company.
In June 1962, 2d BIM at Purto Cabello muntinied and was put down by the navy and other marines.
Between 1975 and 1994 the marines underwent two new adjustments to its organization. On 11 December 2000, by presidential decree, the Marine Infantry were honored with the name Division of Marine Gen. Simon Bolivar.'' On 15 October 2003 the Naval Police Command Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho was integrated into the Marines.
On 5 April 5 2005, the Corps of Engineers, was activated and placed directly under the General Command of the Navy by Presidential Resolution No. DG-031,764 dated 21 July 21 005. In turn, the Naval Police Brigade "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho Antonio Jose de Sucre" wa reestablished as the Naval Police Command ceasing its dependence on the Division and remained attached to the Naval Operations Command.
Headquartered in Meseta de Mamo, Vargas, the estimated numerical strength of this unit is of approx. 12,000 men and women. Its mission is to "enlist and direct its units in order to form the disembarking force and/or support of amphibious or special operations; executing naval safeguarding and environmental policing, as well as actively participating in the national development".
Rear Admiral Armando Lopez Conde is the current commandant.
Support Battalion Almirante Luis Brion
Artillery Group VA Lino de Clemente
Communication Battalion CF. Felipe Baptista
Special Operations Command Generalisimo Francisco de Miranda
Replacement Regiment CA Armando Lopez Conde
1 Brigade of Marine Infantry General Carlos Soublette
2nd Marine Infantry Battalion General Rafael Urdaneta
4th Marine Infantry Battalion Generalisimo Francisco de Miranda
(6th?) Marine Infantry Battalion Contraalmirante Renato Beluche
Amphibious Vehicles Battalion Capitan de Corbeta Manuel Ponce Lugo
2 Brigade of Marine Infantry CA Jose Eugenio Hernandez
1st Marine Infantry Battalion Gral. Simon Bolivar
3rd Marine Infantry Battalion Mariscal Antonio Jose de Sucre
(5th?) Marine Infantry Battalion Gral. Jose Francisco Bermudez
1 Border (Riverine) Brigade General in Chief Jose Antonio Paez
Border River Command Teniente de Navio Jacinto Munoz
Orinoco-Apure axis (Riverine) command General Manuel Piar
2 Border (Riverine) brigade General de Brigada Franz Antonio Risques Irribarren
Border l (Riverine) command CA Armando Medina
Border l (Riverine) command CA Francisco Perez Hernandez
Each border/riverine command consits of the following:
a Marine Infantry Battalion,
a Maintenance company and
a Service Support company.
These units have a base of operations and five naval outposts with an IM company and no less than 6 assault and river combat speedboats each.
Brigade of Engineers CA Jose Ramon Yepez
141 Battalion of Combat Engineers Teniento de Navio Jeronigo Rengifo
142 Battalion of Maintenance and Construction CA Jose Maria Garcia
143 Battalion of Maintenance and Construction Capital de Navios Nicolas Jolly
144 Battalion of Maintenance and Construction General Ezequiel Zamora
Brigade of Naval Police
1 Naval Police Battalion Capitan de Navio Alejo Sanchez Navarro
2 Naval Police Battalion (not yet active)
3 Naval Police Battalion (not yet active)
4 Naval Police Battalion (not yet active)
Brigade of Naval Reserve
Naval Reserve Battalion Batalla de Chichiriviche
Naval Reserve Battalion Batalla de Punta Brava
Naval Reserve Battalion Expedicion de la Vela de Coro
Naval Reserve Battalion Expedicion de Los Cayos
Replacement Regiment Marines "CA Armando Lopez Conde
Arms and equipment
Naval Infantry's equipment is the same standard issue as the rest of the armed forces, excluding Special Forces armaments. Armored units and heavy equipments of the Naval Infantry is the following:
6x6 Engesa EE-11 Urutu Amphibious Assault APC. (Brazil)- 38 EE-11, (3 EE-11 VCMDM3S1+3 EE-11 VRCPM3S2 +12 EE-11 VTTRM3S7 +20 EE-11 VTTRM3S6)
FMC LVTP-7 Amphibious Assault Armored Vehicle. (USA)- 11 AAVT-7s, (1 AAVTC-7 +1AAVTR-7 +9AAVTP-7)
Artillery and anti-aircraft batteries
Oto Melara M-56 105/14mm towed howitzer. (Italy)- 12
Thomson-Brandt MO-120 120mm heavy mortar. (France)- 18
Bofors RBS-70 anti-aircraft battery. (United Kingdom)- 12
Tactical and transport land vehicles
Land Rover Defender 90HT/110HT. (United Kingdom)
Ford M151 MUTT. (United States)
Chevrolet M-705. (United States)
IAI M-325 Commandacar.
Steyr-MAN L-80 series, tactical transport truck.
Engesa EE-25, tactical transport truck. (Brazil)
Speedboats and launches
Guardian 22' patrol speedboat. (United States)
Guardian 25' patrol speedboat. (United States)
Other models in service include Caroni, Manapiare, Caiman, 22 Apure/Apure II assault launches, (all designed and made in Venezuela) and US Coibas.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Venezuelan Marine Corps