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San Carlos de Rio Negro

San Carlos de Rio Negro is a town in Venezuela's Amazonas State.

It serves as the administrative centre for the surrounding municipality of Rio Negro, a municipal district inhabited (maioritariamente) for people Amerind, with prominence for the people Yanomami and Baniwa. It is at the front of the Colombian city San Rafael, that sit in the opposite side of the rio Negro.

The city of San Carlos de Rio Negro was founded in 1759 around a mounted camp by the expedition captained by Jose Solano that moved to that area in the extent of the works of exploration of the limits between the Crowns of Portugal and Spain requested by the Treaty of Madrid. Jose Solano set up his exploration base in that place, in the margins of the Rio Negro, and there he settled with the few men that had survived the ascent along the Orinoco river, since most, including the famous Swedish botanist Pehr Lofling that accompanied the expedition, they had succumbed prey of the tropical diseases, especially the yellow fever.

The city locates the few kilometers the (jusante) of the outlet of the Casiquiare canal, in the shore of the international thing of the rio Negro, an important fluvial artery that it unites Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil. Their geographical coordinates are 1 13' North latitude and 67 06' longitude West, being 65 m above the medium level of the sea

The town just has aerial connections for regular services of aerotaxis and for waterway, since by land you only have a small highway of penetration of 20 km of extension that the league to the small fluvial port of the town of Solano, in the margins of Cassiquiare. In the environs there locates great rocky formation called Piedra del Cocuy an excellent climbing place in one of the most bio-diverseareas on Earth.

The climate is tropical humido, with annual medium temperature of 26,6C and a medium precipitation of 3,633 mm/year.

San Carlos de Rio Negro was visited from May 7 to May 10, 1800 for the expedition of Alexander von Humboldt and Aime Bonpland, constituting the most southern point of their (periplo) for the Amazon Basin.

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Tourist information

Information on the Venezuelan state of Amazon

Tourist information

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article San Carlos de Rio Negro

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