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Puerto Ordaz


Puerto Ordaz is a planned city which, together with the older settlement of San Felix, forms Ciudad Guayana in Bolivar State, eastern Venezuela. Puerto Ordaz is located at the confluence of the Caroni and Orinoco Rivers and is the site of the Llovizna Falls. There are bridges across the Caroni and a new bridge across the Orinoco (Second Orinoco crossing).

It is one of Venezuela's largest cities and is the base for large iron and steelworks and aluminium industries. The city has a large hydroelectric power plant, Macagua.

Due to its planned nature, the city has a drastically different feel to it than many other South American cities. The towers of the Alta Vista district recall New York, and many of the residential neighborhoods have architecture and landscaping that are similar to suburbs in the United States in the 1950s, including 'cookie cutter' homes, sidewalks, and patterned lawns.

Economic activity

Many of Venezuela's prime industries are based in Puerto Ordaz, these include Alcasa, Venalum, Bauxilum, Carbonorca (primary aluminium manufacturers and anode suppliers for the aluminium industry), Ferrominera (iron ore processing), and Ternium Sidor (Orinoco Steelmaking). The country's main electricity producer, Edelca, and the regional development office, CVG (Corporacion Venezolana de Guayana) are also located in Puerto Ordaz..

Port

The port of Puerto Ordaz in a combination of piers (muelles) all on the control of CVG, of which only one is consider for public use, the others are directly related to the CVG production companies in principal all aluminium related, approx 9 piers in total. The most frequent used pier is Ferrominera at the mouth of the Caroni river. The other one is Ternium Sidor at mile 197.

Hydroelectric Centrals

In Puerto Ordaz is located the electricity industry of Caroni (Edelca) which manage several of the hydroelectric centrals over the Caroni river: Macagua I and II and Caruachi, all of the 3 located on the urban side of Guayana city. Edelca also built and administers Guri and gave origin to the Guri reservoir, the second biggest lake in Venezuela. Puerto Ordaz is also the only city in the world with a hydroelectric dam in the middle of the city. Both the city, Puerto Ordaz, and Venezuela use some of the hydroelectric power from Guri Dam.

Law and government

Puerto Ordaz is conformated by Caroni Municipality, Venezuelan law specifies that municipal governments have four main functions: executive, legislative, comptroller, and planning. The executive function is managed by the mayor, who is in charge of representing the municipality's administration. The legislative branch is represented by the Municipal Council, composed of seven councillors, charged with the deliberation of new decrees and local laws. The comptroller tasks are managed by the municipal comptroller's office, which oversees accountancy. Finally, planning is represented by the Local Public Planning Council, which manages development projects for the municipality.

Transportation

Puerto Ordaz is crisscrossed from north to south and east to west by numerous avenues. Some of them are:

Guayana Avenue: It's the main traffic avenue of the city, since it crisscrosses the city from its start to its end, it starts at the toll on the "Ciudad Bolivar-Ciudad Guayana" Highway, and goes all the way through Puerto Ordaz .

Atlantico Avenue: Goes through Puerto Ordaz from west to east on the south side of the city. It intersects with the Las Americas avenue and the Leopoldo Sucre Figarella avenue. This gives a high importance to this avenue.

Las Americas Avenue: Connects the Altavista sector (north of the city) with the centre.

Paseo Caroni Avenue: Stars on the west side of the city and ends at the Atlantic avenue, it's also an important avenue.

On December 3, 2006, was inaugurated the Orinokia bridge, which crosses the Orinoco river.

Recreation

In Puerto Ordaz the principal recreation centers are:

Natural: Llovizna park, Cachamay park, Loefling park.

Shopping centers: Orinokia mall, Altavista Mall, Atlantico Mall.

Family: Macagua Eco museum, Christmas Park and the Italian-Venezuelan Club.

Colleges

Puerto Ordaz is also well known for having one of the best engineering schools in Latin America, the main universities are:

Regional hubs:

Andres Bello UCAB (Catholic University)

UDO (East University)

Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho (UGMA) University

Bicentenaria de Aragua (UBA) University

Puerto Ordaz is headquarter of colleges like:

UNEXPO (Polytechnic Experimental National University)

UNEG (Experimental National University of Guayana)

Technical Institutes

U.E.E.T.I. Fundacion "La Salle" (San Felix)

I.U.T. Antonio Jose de Sucre

I.U.T. Pedro Emilio Coll

I.U.P. Santiago Marino

Tourism

Inside the city both the Llovizna and Cachamay Parks are located displaying their picturesque waterfalls. Other local attractions are the Caroni Ecomuseum located at the Macagua Dam. Near the city from the Angosturita bridge to the San Felix port the union of the Caroni and Orinoco rivers can be seen; the different colors of the water of both rivers make a very distinct demarcation line. Taking Puerto Ordaz as a starting point, the Orinoco Delta can be visited as well as Canaima's National Park and last but not least Guri's reservoirs. Other interesting poinds of visit the colonial castles at the Orinoco riverside and the "Cerro del Elefante" (Elephant's hill)which although not a main tourist attraction is well worth the drive in a 4x4 vehicle. The Castles of Guayana are located at the right side of the Orinoco River, at about 35 kilometers from San Felix.

Hotels

Intercontinental Guayana Hotel

Rasil Hotel

Mara Inn Best Western Hotel

Embajador Hotel

Dos Rios Hotel

Eurobuilding

See also

Venezuela

Ciudad Guayana

Bolivar state

List of cities in Venezuela

External links

BBC article in a Puerto Ordaz aluminium plant

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Puerto Ordaz


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