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Puerto Cabello


Puerto Cabello is a city on the north coast of Venezuela. It is located in the state of Carabobo about 75 km west of Caracas. As of 2001, the city has a population of around 154,000 people. The city is the home to the largest port in the country and is thus a vital cog in the country's vast oil industry. Its name translates to Port Hair in Spanish.

History

Due to Puerto Cabello's location it was attacked by buccaneers and was a popular market for Dutch smugglers during the 17th century. Most of the contraband trade consisted of dealing in cacao with neighboring island Curacao, colonized by the Dutch.

Also Puerto Cabello was at that time under Dutch control.

It was until 1730 that the Spanish took over the port, after the Real Compania Guipuzcoana had moved in. This company built warehouses, wharves and an array of forts to protect the harbor. By the 1770s Puerto Cabello came to be the most fortified town on the Venezuelas coast. Two forts remain from that period. It was the last Spanish royalist stronghold during Venezuelas war for independence, it was captured by Jose Antonio Paez in 1823.

In 1962, Puerto Cabello was the site of an uprising by pro-Castro naval officers, marines, and members of the FALN. Although loyalist naval forces were able to quickly take back the base and arrest the rebels, they were unable to prevent the marines from occupying the city and arming pro-Castro forces. Despite ambushes and bloody house-to-house fighting, loyal National Guard and mechanized regular forces were able to retake Puerto Cabello.

Law and government

Puerto Cabello has one municipality: Puerto Cabello Municipality, Venezuelan law specifies that municipal governments have four main functions: executive, legislative, comptroller, and planning. The executive function is managed by the mayor, who is in charge of representing the municipality's administration. The legislative branch is represented by the Municipal Council, composed of seven councillors, charged with the deliberation of new decrees and local laws. The comptroller tasks are managed by the municipal comptroller's office, which oversees accountancy. Finally, planning is represented by the Local Public Planning Council, which manages development projects for the municipality

Tourism

Puerto Cabello has exhibited strong tourist potential and has been shown to have a local, growing tourist industry, this is mainly because of its position as the main trading area in the country, its communications, its rich historic heritage and its location in front of the Caribbean Sea.

The streets of the Colonial ages preserve their rustic and picturesque appearance, with their beautiful households and mansions and the cobblestone paving on the streets, all these features make the city a nice and growing tourist destination.

In the jetty, one can see the Caribbean Sea, as well as the massive Fortin de San Felipe, also known as the Castillo del Libertador, this powerful fort worked as a refuge for citizens during the Colonial times, because pirates invaded the city constantly.

Attractions

Protestants Graveyard.

Solano Fortress or Castle.

San Felipe Castle.

Long Island.

Puente de Los Espanoles (San Esteban Pueblo).

Natives

Carlos Zambrano, professional baseball player for the Chicago Cubs, was born here.

Pablo Sandoval, professional baseball player for the San Francisco Giants, was born here.

Fernando Nieve, professional baseball player for the New York Mets, was born here.

Victor Moreno' professional baseball player was born here.

Transport

Puerto Cabello is served by a station on the Instituto de Ferrocarriles del Estado network.

See also

Venezuela

Carabobo state

List of cities in Venezuela

Railway stations in Venezuela

External links

FallingRain Map - elevation = 76m (Red dots are railways)

World Press Photo of the Year award winner from 1962 rebellion.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Puerto Cabello


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