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Maturin


Maturin is the capital of the Venezuelan state of Monagas. The city has a population of 450,000 people.

Geography

Maturin is located at 67 meters of altitude and 520 kilometres from the country's capital, Caracas. It is right next to the Guarapiche River and it's a crossroad for roads towards the center, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River

History

Foundation

December 7, 1760 is the official date of the foundation of Maturin (according to the Venezuelan Academy of History) by the Franciscan missionary Lucas de Zaragoza. However, the Jesuit priest Pablo Ojer found in the Archivo General de Indias a document which proves a previous foundation of the city in 1722. This primitive town was called San Juan de la Tornera de Maturin and its founder was the Spanish governor Juan de la Tornera y Sota. San Juan de la Tornera de Maturin had the category of city for Spaniards, but it did not survive very long because of the lack of population and little economical resources. At the beginning San Judas Tadeo de Maturin (Lucas de Zaragoza gave this name to Maturin) was a Spanish mission created for the conversion of Indians Chaimas and Waraos, who lived next to Maturin. The Spaniards decided to move to Maturin and in nineteenth century it received the category of city and the name of San Fernando de Maturin.

Origin of the name Maturin

Maturin was named after an Indian chief (el Indio Maturin) who lived with his tribe next to the bank of Guarapiche River. The Indian chief was murdered by a supposed Spanish captain named Arrioja during a battle of the Indians against Spaniards in the actual location of the town in 1718. Since then the place was known as el Sitio de Maturin (place of Maturin).

Some historians concluded that the name Maturin has a French root, not an Indian one. They based their opinions on the legend of a supposed French missionary who had explored this area at the end of seventeenth century. The legend says that the missionary (whose surname might have been Mathurin) baptized a young Indian and gave him the name Mathurin. This young Indian became el indio Maturin later. Besides there is a French saint who lived during fourth century whose name was Saint Mathurin. The young Indian might have been named after this saint by the French missionary. However the legend of this supposed French missionary has not been proved yet. On the other hand other historians disagreed with that theory. They argued that there is a plant with the same name. Besides there are some place names of Indian roots which are very similar to the name Maturin.

Independence war

Maturin (as a part of the Province of Cumana) was on the republican side during the declaration of the Venezuelan independence on July 5, 1811. Five battles took place in Maturin from 1813 to 1814, including the famous Battle of Alto de los Godos. In this battle the Venezuelan patriots, led by Manuel Piar, obtained a great victory against the Spanish general Juan Domingo de Monteverde. Antonio Jose de Sucre, Jose Francisco Bermudez, Jose Tadeo Monagas, Jose Gregorio Monagas and Jose Felix Ribas were others who fought in the five battles. The last battle of Maturin (1814), however, was a defeat. Persons, who had escaped from Caracas during the military campaign of Jose Tomas Boves against the republic, came to Maturin to shelter from the Spanish troops. After the battle of Urica (where Boves died) Tomas Jose Morales, a Spanish general, decided to take the town. The republicans defended the town, but they were beaten and many of them were murdered by Morales. The town was destroyed. Some survivors of the last battle rebuilt Maturin two years later.

XIX and XX centuries

Maturin grew slowly during nineteenth century. The causes of this lack of population were civil wars (which destroyed the former farming and livestock richness of the region and killed many people) and fatal diseases, such as malaria and yellow fever, which were caused by mosquitoes. In 1909 Maturin became capital of the new Monagas state. Before that the town was the capital of the Province Maturin from 1856 to 1859. In twentieth century Maturin has had a quick demographic growth thanks to the discovery of petroleum fields near to the town and a health campaign done by doctors to finish with mosquitoes. Maturin is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Maturin since 1958.

Law and government

Maturin has one municipality: Maturin Municipality, Venezuelan law specifies that municipal governments have four main functions: executive, legislative, comptroller, and planning. The executive function is managed by the mayor, who is in charge of representing the municipality's administration. The legislative branch is represented by the Municipal Council, composed of seven councillors, charged with the deliberation of new decrees and local laws. The comptroller tasks are managed by the municipal comptroller's office, which oversees accountancy. Finally, planning is represented by the Local Public Planning Council, which manages development projects for the municipality.

Mayors since 1990

Maria Elena de Canizales (1990-1992) Accion Democratica

Jose Enrique Lopez Tablero (1993-1995) COPEI, MAS

Domingo Urbina Simoza (1996-2000), (2000-2004) Accion Democratica

Numa Rojas (2004- 2008) Movimiento Quinta Republica

Jose Maicavares (2008 2012) PSUV

Economy

Maturin is one of the most important cities in the east of the country as its strategic position serves as a bridge to the other states of the region. The city has grown during the last few years mainly because of the increase of the oil industry in the state. It is possible to travel there by land or by using Jose Tadeo Monagas International Airport.

Higher education

Public Universities

Universidad de Oriente (UDO-Monagas) Website

Universidad Pedagogica Experimental Libertador Instituto Pedagogico de Maturin (UPEL/IPM). Website

Universidad Nacional Abierta (UNA). Information about UNA - Monagas

Bolivarian University of Venezuela (UBV). Website

Universidad Nacional Experimental Simon Rodriguez (UNESR). Information about UNESR- Monagas

Private Universities

Universidad Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho (UGMA). Information about UGMA - Maturin

Universidad Catolica Cecilio Acosta (UNICA). Se siguen alli estudios a distancia. Website

Universidad de Margarita (UNIMAR). Unicamente se estudia alli carreras de postgrado. Website

Private Institutes of Higher Education

Instituto Universitario Politecnico Santiago Marino (PSM). Information about PSM- Maturin

Instituto Universitario de Tecnologia Industrial Rodolfo Loero Arismendi (IUTIRLA). Website

Instituto Universitario de Tecnologia Venezuela (IUTV). Information about IUTV- Maturin

Places of Interest

Roman Catholic temples

The church San Simon: the oldest church in Maturin. It was built between 1884 and 1887 and is located in front of the Plaza Bolivar.

The cathedral Nuestra Senora del Carmen: a catholic temple of Roman style. Its construction began in 1961 and was finished in 1981. It is located on Bolivar Avenue.

Parks

Parque de La Guaricha: a zoological park located on Raul Leoni Avenue.

Parque Menca de Leoni: a former zoological park. It lost that category when the Parque de La Guaricha was built. Located on Juncal Avenue.

Parque Andres Eloy Blanco: located on Raul Leoni Avenue.

Parque Padilla Ron: located in Las Cocuizas sector.

Parque Romulo Betancourt: located on Universidad Avenue, next to the Universidad de Oriente.

Parque de los Guaritos: located in Los Guaritos sector.

Museums, theatres and art galleries

Complejo Cultural de Maturin (Cultural Complex of Maturin): a group of buildings where some cultural institutions are located such as the Art School "Eloy Palacios", the Virtual Library and the Museo Mateo Manaure (Museum Mateo Manaure). The Francisco de Miranda Square and a pedestrian art gallery belong to the complex.

Casa de la Cultura (Culture House): a small theatre located on Bolivar Avenue.

Galeria de Arte del CONAC (Art Gallery of the CONAC): it belongs to the network of art galleries of the CONAC. Located inside the Centro Comercial Guarapiche.

Others

Amana del Tamarindo: a small town located thirty minutes from Maturin. It received its name from a tamarind tree located in the town, like the Amana River. Under this tree, which still exists, was the birthplace of Jose Tadeo Monagas.

Plaza Bolivar: the main town square of Maturin and also the oldest of the city. In front of it is the Palacio de Gobierno (built in 1942), where the governor of the state of Monagas carries out his duties.

Sports

Sports facilities

Estadio Monumental de Maturin

Complejo Polideportivo de Maturin (Sports Complex of Maturin.

Teams

Monagas Sport Club: the local soccer team.

Media

Newspapers

El Oriental (founded in 1982). Website

La Prensa de Monagas (founded in 1998). Website

Extra.

El Sol de Maturin (founded in 1970). Website

El Periodico de Monagas. Website

El Diario Mayor. Website

Radio

AM stations

Radio Guarapiche 8.40 (founded in 1983)

Radio Monagas 9.60 (founded in 1948)

Radio Maturin 11.80 (founded in 1961)

FM stations

Orbita 88.5

Mirandina 88.9

Rumbera 89.5

90.3

La Mega 90.9

Avanzadora 91.3

Nacional 91.7

Total 92.7

Monagas 93.5 (founded in 1991)

Shekinah Sinai 94.1 Website (Christian station).

Gea 94.2 FM

Maturin 94.7

La Bolivariana 95.1

Moriche 95.5

Onda 96.3

La Romantica 97.1

La Super Radio 97.9

Rumba 98.9

Emisora de los trabajadores de Venezuela 99.5

Fe y Alegria 100.1 (Roman Catholic station).

Turistica 100.7

Fiesta 102.1

Caliente 102.9

La Preferida 104.5 Website

Via de Escape 105.5 Website (Christian station).

XL 106.7 Website

Reviviendo tu espiritu 107.7 (Christian station).

Exitos 107

TV stations

Regional network

TVO Monagas. Website

Cable stations

Monagas T.V.

MonagasVision.

Vision TV: (Christian TV station)

Satelital TV.

Community TV stations

Telematurin.

Rojas TV.

Fray Lucas de Zaragoza Television (FLZTV).

External links

[*] (Spanish)

[*] (Spanish)

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Maturin


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