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Manuel Felipe Tovar

Manuel Felipe de Tovar (1 January 1803 in Caracas - 21 February 1866 in Paris) was President of Venezuela from 1859–1861.

Tovar was the first President of Venezuela elected by popular vote, his first presidency lasted a month, when as President of the Council of State, replaced the absence of Julian Castro, from 18 August until 17 September 1858. Tovar was a direct descending of Bishop Fray Mauro de Tovar, who arrived to Venezuela with his nephews in 1640. Although inherited the title of Count of Tovar, he resigned the peerage, being an exemplary citizen of republican virtues. Tovar takes active part against the revolution of Jose Tadeo Monagas and his hegemony, being in total support of Julian Castro.

Tovar attends the Convention reunited in Valencia in July, 1858, where Julian Castro was elected provisional president. Tovar is designated President of the Council of State, and later on 4 January 1859, temporary Vice-president. In 1859, swaying the government of Castro, corresponded to Tovar to be in charge of the executive authority, in the heat of the Federal War. Despite the fury of this war, the elections in Venezuela are carried out. There is a notable characteristic, the 1860 elections are the first in which people goes to vote in a direct, secret and universal form. The only restriction is the war.

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Manuel Felipe Tovar

Manuel Felipe Tovar

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