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Carlos Soublette (15 December 1789 - 11 February 1870) was President of Venezuela 1837-1839 and 1843-1847, and a hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence.
Carlos Valentin Jose de la Soledad Antonio del Sacramento Soublette, was born in La Guaira, on 15 December 1789. Son of Antonio Soublette y Piar, native from Tenerife and Teresa Jerez de Aristiguieta. On 18 May 1810 enters at the army in the squadron of Caracas, being soon promoted like Lieutenant, commanded by Francisco de Miranda at the campaign destinated to dominate an insurrection in Valencia, from this was promoted as captain.
On 12 February 1812 married Ollala Buroz. Also during that year, as lieutenant colonel commanded a squadron of the republican army against the royalists forces led by Juan Domingo de Monteverde. At the end of the First Republic, was reduced to imprisonment at the San Felipe castle of Puerto Cabello. Released in 1813, enlisted the Liberator Army, which concluded the Admirable Campaign. Under the command of Jose Felix Ribas fought in the battle of Vigirima, as well as in La Victoria in 1814. Participates at the emigration of the Republican Army to the Venezuelan east . On 17 August, intervened at the battle of Aragua de Barcelona. At the end of the Second Republic, emigrates to New Grenada (Colombia) along with Simon Bolivar, participating at military actions in Santa Fe de Bogota , Magdalena and Cartagena (1815).
On May, 1815, emigrates to the West Indies, being part in Haiti of the forces that in 1816 made an expedition to the Venezuelan coasts (Expedicion de los Cayos). Subsequently, on 1 June during an action in Carupano, under the direction of Manuel Piar, acted against the left flank of the city. He was appointed Governor of the Central headquarters on 23 June, received the appointment of interim chief of General Staff, replacing Colonel Henri Ducoudray-Holstein. On 31 December 1816 joined the forces of Simon Bolivar in Barcelona. On 2 January 1817 Bolivar named him as member of the Order of Liberators of Venezuela. On 9 January, fights in Clarines, being defeated and injured. On March, 1817 marchs with Bolivar to Guayana, being part of the operations for the liberation of this province. At that time was sub-chief of the General Staff, serving on 3 October, as prosecutor at the trial to Manuel Piar. In the Battle of Boyaca in 1819, commanded one of the platoons of the victorious Republican Army. On 1 May 1820, Soublette is promoted by Bolivar as Divisional General. The same day, by executive decree, was appointed Interim Vice President of Venezuela.
In 1822 is designated as Intendent of the Department of Venezuela and is responsible for directing the war at the province of Coro, where royalists forces operated under the command of Marshal Francisco Tomas Morales. On 20 July 1822, destroyed in Mitare a big part of the Royalist cavalry. On 7 September was defeated by Morales at the battle of Dabajuro. On 3 March 1825, as a result of the resignation of General Pedro Briceno Mendez, Soublette was appointed Secretary of War and Navy of the Republic of Colombia. On January, 1830, at the time of separation of Venezuela from Greater Colombia, was designated Secretary of War and Navy of Venezuela. In 1834 was postulated candidate for the Presidency, being his contenders, Bartolome Salom, Santiago Marino, Diego Bautista Urbaneja and Jose Maria Vargas. The elections were won by Vargas. In 1835 and 1836 served as Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary to England and Spain, with the important mission of the recognition of the independence of Venezuela.
In 1837 was elected Vice-President of Venezuela, assuming the Presidency after the resignation of Vargas, being in charge until 28 January 1839. On 26 January 1843 assumed the presidency again, after winning the elections. On 20 January 1847, leaves office, assuming vice president Diego Bautista Urbaneja until 1 March 1847. In 1848 Soublette retires to his ranch in Chaguaramas . On 24 January 1848, when the attacks against Congress from Jose Tadeo Monagas occurs, Soublette joined Jose Antonio Paez as head of General Staff against Monagas government, being defeated at the battle of Araguatos, emigrating to New Grenada and settled in Santa Marta. In 1858, returns to Venezuela accepting the invitation of President Julian Castro. In 1860 was Senator for the province of Caracas and Secretary of State at the government of Pedro Gual. After the triumph of the Federation, retires from public life only to return briefly before his death, during the government of the Blue Revolution (Revolucion Azul) led by Jose Ruperto Monagas between 1869 to 1870.
Carlos Soublette dies in Caracas, on 11 February 1870, was buried on 14 February at the Hijos de Dios cemetery. On 7 February 1970 was transferred to the National Pantheon of Venezuela.
Carlos Soublette — Official biography.
Presidents of Venezuela
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