Caracas Stock Exchange
The Caracas Stock Exchange or Bolsa de Valores de Caracas (BVC) is a stock exchange located in Caracas, Venezuela. Originally established in 1947, BVC merged with a competitor in 1974 to become the only securities exchange operating in Venezuela.
Operational and Legal Structure
BVC is a private exchange, providing operations for the purchase and authorized sale of securities according to the Capital Marketing Laws of Venezuela. It is member of the Executive Committee of the Latin American Federation of Stock markets. At the exchange, companies emit by procedures authorized by the regulating authorities, instruments of fixed income and securities (renta fija y de renta variable) with the purpose of securing capital from public investors. BVC is also used as a location for trading in Bonds and other debt instruments.
The legal structure prevailing in the Venezuelan capital market are the Securities Marketing Law , Transaction Law (Ley de Caja de Valores), the Statutory Law of Public Credit (Ley Organica de Credito Publico), the Law of Organizations of Collective Investment and the norms dictated by the National Exchange Commission . Exchange activities are regulated and supervised by the National Exchange Commission, a public entity assigned to the Ministry of Finance, that authorizes internal procedures and regulations.
Board of Directors
The Board of Directors of the Caracas Stock Exchange is presided over by Victor Julio Flores. Additional members include Santiago Fernandez Castro, Marcel Apeloig, Omar Delgado, Jose Gregorio Castro, Gabriel Osio, Jesus Tadeo Prato, Luis Oberto, Carlos Fernandez and Mario Dickson, as well as by advisers Luis Andres Guerrero and Ruben Manzur.
History and Performance
The origins of the Venezuelan stock market can be traced to the end of the colonial era, when in 1805 Don Bruno Abasolo and Don Fernando Key Munoz founded the Casa de Bolsa y Recreacion de los Comerciantes y Labradores in Caracas. The exchange was officially founded on January 21, 1947 and inaugurated its first trading session on April 21 of the same year, after previously trading stocks over the counter. On May 6, 1976, the assembly of shareholders decided to change the denomination of the institution to Bolsa de Valores de Caracas C.A., and initiated a new operating structure composed of 43 shareholders, or puestos de bolsa, an amount that would be increased to 63 members in 1995.
In April 2007, 60 companies were listed on the BVC, with less than half being traded regularly. BVC experienced a severe decline in traded volumes since the mid-1990s as a result of a declining economy, the migration of stocks to the U.S. markets in the form of American Depositary Receipts (ADRs), corporate takeovers with a concomitant reduction in the number of shares available for trade and an increasing country risk that has frightened investors, particularly foreign investors. Daily trading volume decreased from the equivalent of $25 to $30 million in 1997 to less than $1 million by 2000.Garay U., El Mercado Bursatil Venezolano: Evolucion y Perpectivas, Debates IESA 2001 The BVC survived during this period thanks to a growing trade of government debt securities. Stock prices, measured by the Indice Bursatil Caracas, were also depressed during the 1990s and have yet to recover to the highest ever leves experienced in 1991. Accoriding to the International Finance Corporation, the market value of the BVC was $7 billion in 2000, or just about 6 percent of GDP.Urbi Garay & Maximiliano Gonzalez, CEO and Director Turnover in Venezuela, Inter-American Development Bank In 2005 total transactions on the BVC totaled USD$ 438 million.
BVC has been completely electronic since February 1992, when a modern electronic trading system developed by the Vancouver Stock Exchange entered operations. On July 2, 1999 another technological change was made when the SIBE (Sistema Integrado Bursatil Electronico), electronic trading system was officially incorporated into the Caracas Stock Exchange.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Caracas Stock Exchange