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Yma Sumac was a noted Peruvian soprano. In the 1950s, she was one of the most famous proponents of exotica music and became an international success, based on the merits of her extreme vocal range, which was said to be "well over four octaves" and was sometimes claimed to span even five octaves at her peak.Clarke Fountain, "Yma Sumac: Hollywood's Inca Princess (review). Allmovie, reproduced in the New York Times. 1992. [*]David Richards, "The Trill of a Lifetime; Exotic Singer Yma Sumac Meets a New Wave of Fans." The Washington Post, March 2, 1987, STYLE; PAGE B1. Accessed August 6, 2006, via Lexis Nexis, [*]
Zoila Augusta Emperatriz Chavarri del Castillo was born on September 13, 1922, in Ichocan, Cajamarca, Peru. Although she claimed to have been born on September 10, "her personal assistant, who claimed to have seen her birth certificate, gave her date of birth as September 13, 1922."
Chavarri adopted the stage name of Imma Sumack (also spelled Ymma Sumack and Ima Sumack) before she left South America to go to the U.S. The stage name was based on her mother's name, which was derived from Ima Shumaq, Quechua for "how beautiful!" although in interviews she claimed it meant "beautiful flower" or "beautiful girl".
Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy. (Accessed 8 August 2006)
Yma Sumac biography
Yma Sumac was not born in Callao as noted in unofficial sources
Yma Sumac official website. ''Yma Sumac's Real Birthdate
Argentina Session 1943
Los Angeles Times. April 24, 1957. Jack Smith. Inca-redible: Yma Sumac, Mate Stage Free-for-All
Yma Sumac Receives Highest Peruvian Honor
Secret Museum of the Air, October 6, 2002 program
"Four Octave Inca"
Yma Sumac... the Voice of the Incas
Four Octave Inca
Dalton, Andrew. November 3, 2008.
"Yma Sumac, Vocalist of the Exotic, Dies at 86"
Excerpts from book on Yma Sumac
Brief review of Sumac at the Cotillion Room
Chuncho (The Forest Creatures)''
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