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Ocaina language


Ocaina is an indigenous American language spoken in western South America.

Classification

Ocaina belongs to the Witotoan language family. It is its own group within the Huitoto-Ocaina sub-family.

Geographic distribution

Ocaina is spoken by 54 people in northeastern Peru and by 12 more in the Amazonas region of Colombia. Few children speak the language.

Dialects/Varieties

There are two dialects of Ocaina: Dukaiya and Ibo'tsa.

Phonology

Consonants

Vowels

Tone

Syllables in Ocaina may be marked with one of two tones: high or low.

Syllables

Syllables in Ocaina consist of a vowel; single consonants may appear on either side of the vowel: (C)V(C).

Writing System

Ocaina is written using a modified version of the Latin alphabet. A chart of symbols with the sounds they represent as is follows:

Because the Ocaina alphabet is based on Spanish, c is used to indicate before a, o, and u, qu is used before e and i, and k is used in loan words, such as kerosene kerosene.

Nasalization is indicated by inserting n after a vowel. Compare: tya tyoja hang it vs. tya tyonjan clean it.

High tone is indicated with the acute accent: a, e, i, o, u.

External links

Entry for Ocaina at Rosetta Project

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Ocaina language


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